, and missionary, date
of birth uncertain; d. 1360. Probably a Frenchman
by birth, he taught theology
with great success at Paris
, where he received the title of "Doctor Pacificus" (The Peaceful Doctor) on account of his suave and tranquil mode of lecturing. Bonet took an important part in the dispute concerning the beatific vision
which was warmly discussed during the pontificate of John XXII
and finally settled by the decree
of his successor, Benedict XII
, "Benedictus Deus". As a member of the papal
embassy sent by Benedict XII
to Kublai Khan, grandson of the famous conqueror Genghis Khan, Bonet exchanged the comparative ease and comfort of the professor of theology
for the arduous and perilous labours of the missionary. The Franciscan
missions in Tatary were founded as early as the year 1245 by the zealous
apostles of the Faith, Lorenzo da Portogallo and Giovanni da Pian Carpino; and in his desire to see the great work which was inaugurated by them and continued by the saintly Archbishop John of Monte Corvino kept up and extended, the great khan was induced to send an embassy to Benedict XII
to petition for new labourers in the missions of Asia
. The pope
received the legates
with every mark of honour
and acceding to the wish of the Mongolian monarch, commissioned four religious of the order of Friars Minor
as his legates
, on whom he conferred all the Apostolic faculties and privileges necessary
for their missionary labours. These were John of Florence, afterwards Bishop
of Bisignano in Calabria, Nicholas Bonet, Nicolas da Molano, and Gregory of Hungary
. The embassy bearing letters from the pope
to the khan left Avignon
towards the end of the year 1338, and after a long and arduous journey arrived at Peking in China
, the residence of the Tatar emperor at the beginning of 1342. The missionaries were encouraged in their apostolic labours by the kindly attitude of Kublai Khan and succeeded in founding numerous Christian
settlements throughout the vast Mongolian empire. About the year 1346 they set out again for Italy
. Part of the homeward journey they made by sea and the remainder, from the Kingdom of Persia
, by land, arriving in Avignon
at the beginning of the year 1354. Shortly after the return of the missionaries, Bonet was consecrated titular Bishop
in Africa in recognition of his devoted services while on the mission of Mongolia
. Among the writings of Nicholas Bonet, the "Tractatus de conceptione B. Mariæ Virginis jussu Clementis V scriptus", the "Formalitates e Doctrinâ Scoti" and his "Commentarius in IV libros sententiarum" deserve special mention.
CUSACK, St. Francis and the Franciscans (New York, 1867), XIV, 470-472; SBARALEA, Suppl. et castig. ad script. ord. min., 552; DA CIVEZZA, Storia delle missioni Francescane (Rome, 1859), III, xv, 599-617; WADDING, Annales Minorum, VII, 213-219; DE GUBERNATIS, De missionibus antiquis (Rome, 1689), I, 399; Analecta Franciscana (Quaracchi, 1887), II, 178.
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APA citation. (1907). Nicholas Bonet. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02655b.htm
MLA citation. "Nicholas Bonet." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02655b.htm>.
Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by WGKofron. With thanks to Fr. John Hilkert, Akron, Ohio.
Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. 1907. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Imprimatur. +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York.
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