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Haarlem - One of the suffragan sees of the Archdiocese of Utrecht in the Netherlands
Habacuc - Article on the minor prophet of the Old Testament, and his book
Habakkuk - Article on the minor prophet of the Old Testament, and his book
Haberl, Francis Xavier - Music historian (1840-1910)
Habington, William - Poet and historian; born at Hindlip, Worcestershire, 1605; died 1654; son of Thomas Habington the antiquarian
Habit - Habit is an effect of repeated acts and an aptitude to reproduce them, and may be defined as 'a quality difficult to change, whereby an agent whose nature it is to work one way or another indeterminately, is disposed easily and readily at will to follow this or that particular line of action'
Habor River - A river of Mesopotamia in Asiatic Turkey, an important eastern affluent of the Euphrates
Haceldama - The name given by the people to the potter's field, purchased with the price of the treason of Judas
Hadewych, Blessed - Prioress of the Premonstratensian convent of Mehre, d. around 1200. Also known as Hedwig or Hadewig
Hadrian, Publius Ælius - Emperor of the Romans; born 24 January, A.D. 76 at Rome; died 10 July, 138
Hadrian - Article on this martyr, who died in about 306
Hadrumetum - A titular see of Byzacena
Haeften, Benedict van - Benedictine writer, provost of the Monastery of Afflighem, Belgium; born at Utrecht, 1588; died 31 July, 1648
Hagen, Gottfried - Town clerk of Cologne, and author of the Cologne 'Reimchronik' (rhymed chronicle); died 1299
Haggai - The tenth among the minor prophets of the Old Testament
Haggith - One of David's wives
Hagiography - The name given to that branch of learning which has the saints and their worship for its object
Hague, The - Capital and seat of Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands as well as of the (civil) Province of South Holland
Hahn-Hahn, Ida - Countess, convert and authoress, born 22 June, 1805; died 12 January, 1880
Haid, Herenaus - Catechist, born in the Diocese of Ratisbon, 16 February, 1784; died 7 January, 1873
Hail Holy Queen - The opening words (used as a title) of the most celebrated of the four Breviary anthems of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Hail Mary - Analysis of the prayer Ave Maria: origins and development
Haimhausen, Karl von - German missionary; b. at Munich, of a noble Bavarian family, 28 May, 1692; d. in Chile, 7 April, 1767
Hair (in Christian Antiquity) - The paintings in the catacombs permit the belief that the early Christians simply followed the fashion of their time. The short hair of the men and the waved tresses of the women were, towards the end of the second century, curled, frizzed with irons, and arranged in tiers, while for women the hair twined about the head forming a high diadem over the brow
Hairshirt - A garment of rough cloth made from goats' hair and worn in the form of a shirt or as a girdle around the loins, by way of mortification and penance
Haiti - An island of the Greater Antilles
Haito - Bishop of Basle; b. in 763, of a noble family of Swabia; d. 17 March, 836, in the Abbey of Reichenau, on an island in the Lake of Constance
Hakodate - Comprises the six northern provinces of the island of Nippon, the island of Yezo, and the Kurile Islands, as well as the administration of the southern part of the island of Saghalin, which still belongs to the Diocese of Mohilev
Hakon the Good - King of Norway, 935 (936) to 960 (961), youngest child of King Harold Fair Hair and Thora Mosterstang
Halicarnassus - A titular see of Caria, suffragan of Stauropolis
Halifax - This see takes its name from the city of Halifax which has been the seat of government in Nova Scotia since its foundation by Lord Cornwallis in 1749
Hallahan, Margaret - Foundress of the Dominican Congregation of St. Catherine of Siena (third order); b. in London, 23 January, 1803; d. 10 May, 1868
Haller, Karl Ludwig von - A professor of constitutional law, b. 1 August, 1768, at Berne, d. 21 May, 1854, at Solothurn, Switzerland
Hallerstein, August - Jesuit missionary in China, born in Germany, died in China, probably about 1777
Halloween - Celebrated on the first of November. Instituted to honour all the saints, known and unknown, and, according to Urban IV, to supply any deficiencies in the faithful's celebration of saints' feasts during the year
Halloy, Jean-Baptiste-Julien D'Omalius - Belgian geologist, b. at Liege, Belgium, 16 February, 1783; d. at Brussels, 15 January, 1875
Halma, Nicholas - French mathematician; born at Sedan, 31 December, 1755; died at Paris, 4 June, 1828
Ham, Hamites - Son of Noe and progenitor of one of the three great races of men whose ethnographical table is given by Genesis 10
Hamar, Ancient See of - Located in Norway
Hamatha - A titular see of Syria Secunda, suffragan of Apamea
Hambley, Ven. John - More than once this priest offered to conform to the state-mandated religion, but at last he died a martyr
Hamburg - A city supposed to be identical with the Marionis of Ptolemy, was founded by a colony of fishermen from Lower Saxony
Hamilton, Ontario, Diocese of - Located in Ontario, Canada; a suffragan of Toronto
Hamilton, John - Archbishop of St. Andrews; b. 1511; d. at Stirling, 1571; a natural son of James, first Earl of Arran
Hammer-Purgstall, Joseph, Baron von - A distinguished Austrian Orientalist; b. at Graz, 9 June, 1774; d. at Vienna, 23 November, 1856
Hammurabi - The sixth king of the first Babylonian dynasty
Hamsted, Adrian - Founder of the sect of Adrianists; born at Dordrecht, 1524; died at Bruges, 1581
Haneberg, Daniel Bonifacius von - German prelate and Orientalist of the nineteenth century, b. At Tanne near Kempten, Bavaria, 16 June, 1816
Hanover - The former Kingdom of Hanover has been a province of the Prussian monarchy since 20 September, 1866
Hanse, Blessed Everald - Priest martyred at Tyburn in 1581
Hansiz, Markus - Historian, b. at Volkermarkt, Carinthia, Austria, 25 April, 1683; d. at Vienna, 5 September, 1766
Hanthaler, Chrysostomus - A Cistercian, historical investigator and writer (1690-1754)
Hanxleden, Johann Ernest - Jesuit missionary in the East Indies: b at Ostercappeln, near Osnabruck, in Hanover, 1681; d. in Malabar, 20 March, 1732
Happiness - The primary meaning of this term in all the leading European languages seems to involve the notion of good fortune, good chance, good happening
Haraldson, Saint Olaf - Martyr and King of Norway, d. 1030
Harbor Grace - Diocese in Newfoundland, erected in 1856
Hardee, William J. - Soldier, convert, b. at Savannah, Georgia, U.S.A., 1817, d. at Wytheville, Virginia, 6 Nov., 1873
Hardey, Mary Aloysia - Of the Society of the Sacred Heart, who established all the convents of her order, up to the year 1883, in the eastern part of the United States, Canada, and Cuba; b. at Piscataway, Maryland, 1809; d. at Paris, France, 17 June. 1886
Harding, St. Stephen - English Cistercian, confessor, the third abbot of Citeaux, d. 1134
Harding, Thomas - Controversialist; b. at Combe Martin, Devon, 1516 d. at Louvain, Sept., 1572
Hardman, Mary Juliana - Known in religion as Sister Mary; b. 26 April, 1813; d. 24 March, 1884
Hardouin, Jean - Jesuit, and historian; b. at Quimper, Brittany, 23 Dec., 1646, son of a bookseller of that town; d. at Paris, 3 Sept., 1729
Hardyng, John - An English chronicler; b. 1378; d. about 1460
Hare Indians - A Dene tribe which shares with the Loucheux the distinction of being the northernmost in America, their habitat being immediately south of that of the Eskimos
Harland, Henry - American novelist (1861-1905)
Harlay, Family of - An important family of parliamentarians and bishops, who deserve a place in religious history
Harlez de Deulin, Charles-Joseph de - A Belgian Orientalist, domestic prelate, canon of the cathedral of Liege, member of the Academic Royale of Belgium; b. at Liege, 21 August, 1832; d. at Louvain, 14 July, 1899
Harmony - A concord of sounds, several tones of different pitch sounded as a chord; among the Greeks, the general term for music
Harney - William Selby Harney, soldier, convert; b. near Haysboro, Tennessee, U.S.A., 27 August, 1800; d. at St. Louis, Missouri, 9 May, 1889. John Milton Harney, brother of foregoing, b. in Delaware, 9 March, 1789; d. at Somerset, Kentucky, 15 January, 1825
Harold, Francis - Irish Franciscan and historical writer, d. at Rome, 18 March, 1685
Harold Bluetooth - Son of King Gorm the Old of Denmark (911-986)
Harpasa - A titular see of Caria, suffragan of Stauropolis
Harper, Thomas Morton - Priest, philosopher, theologian and preacher. Born in London 26 Sept., 1821, of Anglican parents, his father being a merchant of good means in the City; d. 29 Aug., 1893
Harrington, Ven. William - Short biography of the English priest and martyr, who died in 1594
Harris, Joel Chandler - Folklorist, novelist, poet, journalist; born at Eatonton, Georgia, U.S.A., 1848; died at Atlanta, Georgia, 3 July, 1908
Harrisburg - Diocese in Pennsylvania
Harrison, James - Priest and martyr; b. in the Diocese of Lichfield, England, date unknown; d. at York, 22 March, 1602
Harrison, William - Third and last archpriest of England, b. in Derbyshire in 1553; d. 11 May, 1621
Harrowing of Hell - This is the Old English and Middle English term for the triumphant descent of Christ into hell (or Hades) between the time of His Crucifixion and His Resurrection, when, according to Christian belief, He brought salvation to the souls held captive there since the beginning of the world
Hart, William - English priest, was betrayed by an apostate on Christmas Day of 1582, chained in an underground dungeon, and martyred at York in 1583
Hartford - Diocese of Hartford, established by Gregory XVI, 18 Sept., 1843
Hartley, Ven. William - Short biography of the English priest and martyr, who died in 1588. Also some information on his companions in martyrdom John Hewitt, Robert Sutton, and John Harrison
Hartmann, Georg - Mechanician and physicist; b. at Eckoltsheim, Bavaria, 9 Feb. 1489; d. at Nuremberg, 9 April, 1564
Hartmann von Aue - A Middle High German epic poet and minnesinger; died between 1210 and 1220
Hasak, Vincenz - Historian, b. at Neustadt, near Friedland, Bohemia, 18 July, 1812; d. 1 September, 1889, as dean of Weisskirchlitz, near Teplitz
Haschka, Lorenz Leopold - A poet-author of the Austrian national anthem; b. at Vienna, 1 Sept. 1749, d. there 3 Aug., 1827, was in his youth a member of the Society of Jesus
Haspinger, Johann Simon - A Tyrolese priest and patriot; b. at Gries, Tyrol, 28 October, 1776; d. in the imperial palace of Mirabell, Salzburg, 12 January, 1858
Hassard, John Rose Greene - An editor, historian; b. in New York, U.S.A., 4 September, 1836; d. in that city, 18 April, 1888
Hasslacher, Peter - Preacher; b. at Coblenz, 14 August, 1810; d. at Paris, 5 July, 1876
Hatred - In general, a vehement aversion entertained by one person for another, or for something more or less identified with that other
Hatto - Archbishop of Mainz; b. of a noble Swabian family, c. 850; d. 15 May, 913
Hatton, Edward Anthony - Dominican, apologist; b. in 1701; d. at Stourton Lodge, near Leeds, Yorkshire, 23 October, 1783
Hauara - A titular see of Palestina Tertia, suffragan of Petra
Haudriettes - A religious congregation founded in Paris early in the fourteenth century by Jeanne, wife of Etienne Haudry, a private secretary of St. Louis, King of France
Haughery, Margaret - 'The mother of the orphans', as she was familiarly styled, b. in Cavan, Ireland, about 1814; d. at New Orleans, Louisiana, 9 February, 1882
Hauréau, Jean-Barthélemy - Historian and publicist; b. at Paris, 1812; d. there, 1896
Hautecombe - A Cistercian monastery near Aix-les-Bains in Savoy
Hautefeuille, Jean de - French physicist, b. at Orleans, 20 March, 1647; d. there, 18 October, 1724
Hautefeuille, Jean de - French physicist, b. at Orleans, 20 March, 1647; d. there, 18 October, 1724
Hauteserre - Antoine Dadin d'Hauteserre, born 1602, died 1682; a distinguished French historian and canonist, dean of the faculty of law at the University of Toulouse. Flavius Hauteserre, younger brother of the above, died about 1670; professor of law at Poitiers
Haüy, René-Just - Mineralogist; b. at Saint-Just (Oise), 28 Feb., 1743; d. at Paris, 3 June, 1822
Haüy, Valentin - Founder of the first school for the blind, and known under the name of 'Father and Apostle of the Blind' (1745-1822)
Hauzeur, Mathias - A Franciscan theologian, b. at Verviers, 1589; d. at Liege 12 November, 1676, for many years professor of theology
Havana - Jurisdiction of the See of Havana comprises the two provinces of Havana and Matanzas
Havestadt, Bernhard - German Jesuit; b. at Cologne, 27 February, 1714; died at Muenster after 1778
Hawarden, Edward - Theologian and controversialist, b. in Lancashire, England, 9 April, 1662; d. in London, 23 April, 1735
Hawes, Stephen - Poet; b. in Suffolk about 1474; d. about 1523
Hawker, Robert Stephen - Poet and antiquary; b. at Plymouth 3 December, 1803, d. there 15 August, 1875
Hawkins, Sir Henry - Raised to the peerage as Lord Brampton, eminent English lawyer and Judge, b. at Hitchin, Hertfordshire, 14 September, 1817; d. at London, 12 October, 1907
Hay, Edmund and John - Edmund Hay, jesuit, and envoy to Mary Queen of Scots, b. 1540?; d. at Rome, 4 Nov., 1591. John Hay, kinsman and contemporary of Edmund, of the family of Hay of Dalgetti; b., 1546; d. at Pont-a-Mousson, 1608; a well-known scholar, professor, and writer
Hay, George - Bishop and writer, b. at Edinburgh, 24 Aug., 1729; d. at Aquhorties, 18 Oct., 1811
Haydn, Johann Michael - Younger brother of Franz Joseph Haydn (1737-1806)
Haydn, Franz Joseph - Famous composer (1732-1809)
Haydock, Venerable George - Biographical article on the English priest and martyr. Includes bibliography
Haydock, George Leo - Priest and biblical scholar (1774-1849)
Haymo - Benedictine bishop (d. 853)
Haymo of Faversham - English Franciscan and schoolman, b. at Faversham, Kent; d. at Anagni, Italy, in 1243, according to the most probable opinion; Wadding gives 1244
Haynald, Lajos - Cardinal, Archbishop of Kalocsa-Bacs in Hungary; b. at Szecseny, 3 October, 1816; d. at Kalocsa, 3 July, 1891
Hazart, Cornelius - Controversialist, orator, and writer, b. 28 October, 1617, at Oudenarde in the Netherlands; entered the Society of Jesus, 24 Sept., 1634; d. 25 October, 1690, at Antwerp
Healy, George Peter Alexander - An American portrait and historical painter, b. at Boston, 15 July, 1808; d. at Chicago, 14 June 1894
Hearse, Tenebrae - The triangular candlestick used in the Tenebrae service
Heart of Jesus, Devotion to the - Description, spiritual significance, and historical background of devotion to the Sacred Heart
Heart of Mary, Congregations of - Details on several congregations under this name
Heart of Mary, Devotion to the - Description of this devotion, along with its history
Heath, Ven. Henry - Short biography of the English Franciscan, martyred for being a priest. He died in 1643
Heaven - In the Holy Bible the term heaven denotes, in the first place, the blue firmament, or the region of the clouds that pass along the sky. Genesis 1:20 speaks of the birds 'under the firmament of heaven'. In other passages it denotes the region of the stars that shine in the sky. Furthermore heaven is spoken of as the dwelling of God; for, although God is omnipresent, He manifests Himself in a special manner in the light and grandeur of the firmament
Hebrew Bible - As compared with the Latin Vulgate, the Hebrew Bible includes the entire Old Testament with the exception of the seven deuterocanonical books, Tobias, Judith, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, Baruch, I and II Machabees, and the deuterocanonical portions of Esther (x, 4 to end) and Daniel (iii, 24-90; xiii; xiv)
Hebrew Language and Literature - Hebrew was the language spoken by the ancient Israelites, and in which were composed nearly all of the books of the Old Testament
Hebrews, Epistle to the - The central thought of the entire Epistle is the doctrine of the Person of Christ and His Divine mediatorial office
Hebrides, New - Vicariate Apostolic of New Hebrides; in Oceania
Hebron - An ancient royal city of Chanaan, famous in biblical history, especially at the time of the patriarchs and under David
Hecker, Isaac Thomas - Missionary, author, founder of the Paulists; b. in New York, 18 December, 1819; d. there, 22 Dec., 1888
Hédelin, François - Grammarian, poet, preacher, archeologist, philologist (1604-1676)
Hedonism - The name given to the group of ethical systems that hold, with various modifications, that feelings of pleasure or happiness are the highest and final aim of conduct; that, consequently those actions which increase the sum of pleasure are thereby constituted right, and, conversely, what increases pain is wrong
Hedwig, Saint - Duchess of Silesia, aunt of St. Elizabeth of Hungary. Hedwig married Henry I, and was the mother of seven. Upon her husband's death, she entered a Cistercian monastery. Died 1243
Heeney, Cornelius - Merchant and philanthropist; b. in King's County, Ireland, 1754; d. at Brooklyn, U.S.A., 3 May, 1848
Heereman von Zuydwyk, Freiherr von - Catholic statesman and writer on art, b. 26 Aug., 1832, at Surenburg near Riesenbeck, Westphalia; d. 23 March, 1903, at Berlin
Heeswijk - A village in the diocese of Hertogenbosch (Bois-le-Duc), Holland, in which the dispersed religious of the confiscated Norbertine Abbey of Berne created a new abbey and college
Hefele, Karl Joseph von - Bishop of Rottenburg, b. at Unterkochen, Wuertemberg, 15 March, 1890; d. at Rottenburg, 5 June, 1893
Hegelianism - Article by William Turner, evaluating this school of thought
Hegesippus, Saint - Second-century writer, opposed Marcionism and Gnosticism
Hegesippus, The Pseudo- - Fourth-century translator of Josephus
Hegius, Alexander - Humanist; b. probably in 1433, at Heeck (Westphalia); d. 7 December, 1498
Heidelberg, University of - The fame of Heidelberg is due to its university, which was founded in 1386 by the warlike Rupert I of Wittelsbach when he was over seventy years of age, on the model of the University of Paris
Heiligenkreuz - An existing Cistercian monastery in the Wienerwald, eight miles northwest of Baden in Lower Austria
Heilsbronn - Formerly a Cistercian monastery in the Diocese of Eichstatt in Middle Franconia
Heilsbronn, Monk of - This name indicates the unknown author of some small mystical treatises, written about the beginning of the fourteenth century at the Cistercian Abbey of Heilsbronn
Heim, François Joseph - French historical painter, b. near Belfort, 1787, d. in Paris, 1865
Heinrich der Glïchezäre - A Middle High German poet, author of a narrative poem 'Reinhart Fuchs'
Heinrich von Ahaus - Founder of the Brethren of the Common Life in Germany (1371-1439)
Heinrich von Laufenberg - A German poet of the fifteenth century, d. at Strasburg in 1460; he was a priest in Freiburg (Breisgau), and later dean of the cathedral
Heinrich von Meissen - Usually called 'Frauenlob' (Woman's praise), a Middle High German lyric poet; b. at Meissen about 1250; d. at Mainz, 1318
Heinrich von Melk - German satirist of the twelfth century; of knightly birth and probably a lay brother in the convent of Melk, in Styria
Heinrich von Veldeke - A medieval German poet of knightly rank; b. near Maastricht in the Netherlands about the middle of the twelfth century
Heinz, Joseph - Swiss painter (1564-1609)
Heis, Eduard - German astronomer, b. at Cologne, 18 February, 1806; d. at Muenster, Westphalia, 30 June, 1877
Heisterbach - A former Cistercian monastery in the Siebengebirge near the little town of Oberdollendorf in the Archdiocese of Cologne
Helena, Saint - The mother of Constantine the Great, she died about 330
Helena (Montana) - Erected from the Vicariate of Montana, 7 March, 1884
Helen of Sköfde, Saint - Biography of the twelfth-century Swedish widow and martyr, killed in perhaps the year 1160
Helenopolis - A titular see of Bithynia Prima, suffragan of Prusa
Heli - Discusses the Old Testament priest, and the New Testament father of Joseph
Heliae, Paul - A Carmelite, opponent of the Reformation in Denmark, born at Warberg (in the Laen of Halland), about 1480; died after 1534
Heliand, The - The oldest complete work of German literature
Hélinand - Medieval poet, chronicler, and ecclesiastical writer
Heliogabalus - The name adopted by Varius Avitus Bassianus, Roman emperor (218-222), born of a Syrian family and a grandnephew of Julia Domna, the consort of Emperor Septimus Severus
Hell - Hell (infernus) in theological usage is a place of punishment after death
Hell, Maximilian - Astronomer, b. at Schemnitz in Hungary, 15 May, 1720; d. at Vienna, 14 April, 1792
Hello, Ernest - 19th-century French philosopher and essayist. Article by Susan Tracy Otten
Helmold - A historian, born in the first half of the twelfth century; died about 1177
Helmont, Jan Baptista van - Born at Brussels, 1577; died near Vilvorde, 30 December, 1644. This scientist, distinguished in the early annals of chemistry, belonged to a Flemish family
Helpers of the Holy Souls, Society of the - A religious order of women founded in Paris, France, 1856, with the object of assisting the Holy Souls, by [Blessed] Eugenie Smet (in religion, Marie de la Providence)
Helpidius, Flavius Rusticius - The name of several Latin writers
Hélyot, Pierre - Usually known as Hippolyte, his name in religion. Born at Paris, in 1660; died there 5 January, 1716
Hemmerlin, Felix - A provost at Solothurn, in Switzerland, born at Zurich, in 1388 or 1389; died about 1460
Henderson, Issac Austin - Theologian, musician, singer, and writer (1850-1909)
Hendrick, Thomas Augustine - Twenty-second Bishop of Cebu, Philippine Islands, b. at Penn Yan, New York, U.S.A., 29 Oct., 1849; d. at Cebu, 29 Nov., 1909
Hengler, Lawrence - Catholic priest and the inventor of the horizontal pendulum, b. at Reichenhofen, Wuertemberg, 3 Feb., 1806; d. at Tigerfeld, 1858
Hennepin, Louis - One of the most famous explorers in the wilds of North America during the seventeenth century
Henoch - The name of the son of Cain (Gen., iv, 17, 18), of a nephew of Abraham (Gen., xxv, 4), of the first-born of Ruben (Gen., xlvi, 9), and of the son of Jared and the father of Mathusala (Gen., v. 18 sq.)
Henoch, Book of - Introductory article
Henoticon - The unsuccessful law made by the Emperor Zeno in order to conciliate Catholics and Monophysites
Henri de Saint-Ignace - A Carmelite theologian, b. in 1630, at Ath in Hainaut, Belgium; d. in 1719 or 1720, near Liege
Henrion, Mathieu-Richard-Auguste - Baron, French magistrate, historian, and journalist; b. at Metz, 19 June, 1805; d. at Aix, September, 1862
Henríquez, Crisóstomo - A Cistercian of the Spanish Congregation; b. at Madrid, 1594; d. 23 December, 1632, at Louvain
Henríquez, Enrique - Jesuit theologian, b. at Oporto, 1536; d. at Tivoli, 28 January, 1608
Henry II - Biographical article that focuses on the King of England's constitutional and legal reforms, and his conflict with Thomas Becket
Henry II, Saint - Biography of the German king and Holy Roman Emperor, d. 1024
Henry III - German king and Holy Roman Emperor (1017-1056)
Henry IV - King of France and Navarre (1553-1610)
Henry IV - German king and Holy Roman Emperor (1050-1108)
Henry V - German king and Holy Roman Emperor (1081-1125)
Henry VI - German king and Holy Roman Emperor (1165-1197)
Henry VIII - Lengthy article which concentrates on Henry's break with the Church of Rome
Henry Abbot - A layman and convert to Catholicism, martyred at York in 1597. Explains the circumstances which led to his martyrdom
Henry of Friemar - German theologian; b. at Friemar, a small town near Gotha in Thuringia, about the end of the thirteenth century; d. probably at Erfurt about 1355
Henry of Ghent - A notable scholastic philosopher and theologian of the thirteenth century
Henry of Herford - Friar and chronicler; date of birth unknown; died at Minden, 9 Oct., 1370
Henry of Huntingdon - Historian; b. probably near Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, between 1080 and 1085; d. 1155
Henry of Kalkar - Carthusian writer, b. at Kalkar in the Duchy of Cleves in 1328; d. at Cologne, 20 December, 1408
Henry of Langenstein - Theologian and mathematician; b. about 1325 at the villa of Hainbuch (Hembuche), near Langenstein in Hesse; d. at Vienna, 11 Feb., 1397
Henry of Nördlingen - A Bavarian secular priest, of the fourteenth century, date of death unknown; the spiritual adviser of Margaretha Ebner (died 1351), the mystic of Medingen
Henry of Rebdorf - Alleged author of an imperial and papal chronicle of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries
Henry of Segusio, Blessed - Usually called Hostiensis. Italian canonist, bishop of Ostia, d. 1261
Henryson, Robert - Scottish poet, born probably 1420-1430; died about 1500
Henry Suso, Blessed - Biography of this German Dominican mystic, d. 1366
Henry the Navigator, Prince - Born 4 March, 1394; died 13 November, 1460; he was the fourth son of John I, King of Portugal, by Queen Philippa, a daughter of John of Gaunt
Henschen, Godfrey - Jesuit, hagiographer; b. at Venray (Limburg), 21 June, 1601; d. at Antwerp, 11 Sept., 1681
Hensel, Luise - Poetess and convert; born at Linum, 30 March, 1798; died. at Paderborn, 18 December, 1876
Henten, John - John Henton, Biblical exegete, born 1499 at Nalinnes Belgium; died 10 Oct., 1566
Heortology - The science of sacred festivals, embracing the principles of their origin, significance, and historical development, with reference to epochs or incidents in the Christian year
Hephæstus - A titular see of Augustamnica Prima, mentioned by Hierocles (Synecd., 727, 9), by George of Cyprus, and by certain rare documents, as among the thirteen towns of that province
Heptarchy - By the term heptarchy is understood that complexus of seven kingdoms, into which, roughly speaking, Anglo-Saxon Britain was divided for nearly three centuries, until at last the supremacy, about the year 829, fell definitely and finally into the hands of Wessex
Heraclas - Bishop of Alexandria from 231 or 232; to 247 or 248
Heraclea - A titular see of Thracia Prima
Heraldry, Ecclesiastical - Information on heraldry as it is used in and by the Catholic Church
Herbart and Herbartianism - Article on the life and philosophy of Johann Friedrich Herbart, by Michael Maher
Herbert of Bosham - A biographer of St. Thomas Becket, dates of birth and death unknown
Herbert of Derwentwater, Saint - Short biography of the seventh-century anchorite
Herbert of Lea, Lady Elizabeth - English authoress and philanthropist (1822-1911)
Herbst, Johann Georg - Born at Rottweil, in Wuertemberg, 13 January, 1787; died 31 July, 1836
Herculano de Carvalho e Araujo, Alejandro - Born at Lisbon, 28 March, 1810; died near Santarem, 13 Sept., 1877
Herder - The name of a German firm of publishers and booksellers
Herdtrich, Christian Wolfgang - An Austrian Jesuit missionary in China; born at Graz, Styria, 25 June, 1625; d. 18 July, 1684
Heredity - The offspring tends to resemble, sometimes with extraordinary closeness, the parents
Hereford, Ancient Diocese of - Located in England
Hereswitha, Saint - Also known as Haeresvid or Hereswyde, blood sister of St. Hilda of Whitby. Mother, widow, and nun
Heresy - St. Thomas defines heresy: 'a species of infidelity in men who, having professed the faith of Christ, corrupt its dogmas'
Hergenröther, Joseph - Church historian and canonist, first Cardinal-Prefect of the Vatican Archives, b. at Wuerzburg, 15 Sept., 1824; d. at Mehrerau (Bodensee), 3 Oct., 1890
Heribert, Saint - Archbishop of Cologne, d. 1021
Heribert - Archbishop of Milan (1018-1045)
Heriger of Lobbes - A medieval theologian and historian; born about 925; died 31 October, 1007
Herincx, William - A theologian, born at Helmond, North Brabant, 1621; died 17 Aug., 1678
Hermann I - Landgrave of Thuringia (1190-1217), famous as a patron of medieval German poets
Hermann Contractus - Chronicler, mathematician, and poet (1013-1054)
Hermann Joseph, Saint - Biographical article on this German Premonstratensian mystic, who died in 1241
Hermann of Altach - A medieval historian; b. 1200 or 1201; d. 31 July, 1275
Hermann of Fritzlar - With this name are connected two works on mysticism written in German
Hermann of Minden - Provincial of the German province of Dominicans; b. at or near Minden on an unknown date; d. shortly after 1294
Hermann of Salza - Fourth Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, descendant of the noble Thuringian house of Salza; b. 1180 at Langensalza in Thuringia; d. 19 March, 1239, at Barletta in Southern Italy
Hermanos Penitentes, Los - A society of flagellants existing among the Spanish of New Mexico and Colorado.
Hermas, Saint - The Roman Martyrology includes for 18 August Roman martyrs Hermas, Serapion, and Polyaenus. Ten days later a Roman martyr Hermes and Alexandrian martyrs Polienus and Serapion are commemorated. Perhaps they are the same
Hermas - First or second century, author of the book called 'The Shepherd' (Poimen, Pastor), a work which had great authority in ancient times and was ranked with Holy Scripture
Hermeneutics - Derived from a Greek word connected with the name of the god Hermes, the reputed messenger and interpreter of the gods
Hermengild, Saint - The son of an Arian Visigothic king. His mother and wife were Catholic, and he converted to Catholicism, and resisted Arianism. He was beheaded in 585
Hermes, Saint - Martyr, Bishop of Salano (Spalato) in Dalmatia
Hermes, George - Joseph Schulte's treatment of this German religious thinker
Hermite, Charles - Mathematician, born at Dieuze, Lorraine, 24 December, 1822; d. at Paris, 14 January, 1901;
Hermits - Also called anchorites, men who fled the society of their fellow-men to dwell alone in retirement
Hermits of St. Augustine - A religious order which in the thirteenth century combined several monastic societies into one, under this name
Hermon - A group of mountains forming the southern extremity of Anti-Lebanon, and marking on the east of the Jordan the northern boundary of Israel
Hermopolis Magna - A titular see of Thebais Prima, suffragan of Antinoe, in Egypt
Hermopolis Parva - A titular see of Aegyptus Prima, suffragan of Alexandria
Herod - Herod was the name of many rulers mentioned in the N.T. and in history. It was known long before the time of the biblical Herods
Herodias - Wife of Herod Philip, and mistress of Herod Antipas
Heroic Act of Charity - A decree of the Sacred Congregation of Indulgences dated 18 December, 1885, and confirmed the following day by Leo XIII
Heroic Virtue - St. Augustine first applied the pagan title of hero to the Christian martyrs
Herp, Henry - A fifteenth century Franciscan of the Strict Observance and a distinguished writer on mysticism
Herrad of Landsberg - A twelfth-century abbess, author of the 'Hortus Deliciarum'; born about 1130, at the castle of Landsberg, the seat of a noble Alsatian family; died 1195
Herregouts - There were three artists of the name of Herregouts, father, son, and grandson, of whom the chief was Hendrik, the son of David, and the father of Jan
Herrera, Fernando de - A Spanish lyric poet; born 1537; died 1597
Herrera, Francisco - A Spanish painter, etcher, medallist, and architect; born in Seville, 1576; died in Madrid, 1656
Herrera Barnuevo, Sebastiano de - A painter, architect, sculptor and etcher; born in Madrid, 1611 or 1619; died there, 1671
Herrera y Tordesillas, Antonio de - A Spanish historian; born at Cuellar, in the province of Segovia, in 1559; died at Madrid, 27 March, 1625
Herrgott, Marquard - A Benedictine historian and diplomat (1694-1762)
Hersfeld - An ancient imperial abbey of the Benedictine Order
Hervás y Panduro, Lorenzo - Spanish Jesuit and famous philologist; b. at Horcajo, 1 May, 1735; d. at Rome, 24 August, 1809
Hervetus, Gentian - French theologian and controversialist; b. at Olivet, near Orleans, in 1499; d. at Reims, 12 September, 1584
Hesebon - A titular see of the province of Arabia, suffragan of Bostra
Hesse - The name of a German tribe, and also a district in Germany extending along the Lahn, Eder, Fulda, Werra, and the Lower Main and Rhine
Hessels, Jean - A distinguished theologian of Louvain; born 1522; died 1566
Hesychasm - Hesychasts (hesychastes — quietist) were people, nearly all monks, who defended the theory that it is possible by an elaborate system of asceticism, detachment from earthly cares, submission to an approved master, prayer, especially perfect repose of body and will, to see a mystic light; which is none other than the uncreated light of God
Hesychius of Alexandria - Grammarian and lexicographer; of uncertain date, but assigned by most authorities to the later fourth or earlier fifth century
Hesychius of Jerusalem - Presbyter and exegete, probably of the fifth century
Hesychius of Sinai - A priest and monk of the Order of St. Basil in the Thorn-bush (Batos) monastery on Mt. Sinai, and ascetic author of the Byzantine period in literature
Hethites - One of the many peoples of North-Western Asia, styled Hittim in the Hebrew Bible, Khuti or Kheta on the Egyptian monuments, and Hatti in the cuneiform documents
Hettinger, Franz - A Catholic theologian; born 13 January, 1819, at Aschaffenburg; died 26 January, 1890, at Wuerzburg
Heude, Pierre - Missionary to China and zoologist (1836-1902)
Hewett, John - English martyr; son of William Hewett of York; date of birth unknown; executed at Mile End Green, 6 October, 1588
Hewit, Augustine Francis - Priest and second Superior General of the Institute of St. Paul the Apostle (1820-1897)
Hexaemeron - Signifies a term of six days, or, technically, the history of the six days' work of creation, as contained in the first chapter of Genesis
Hexapla - Article on Origen's compilation of six ancient versions of the Bible in parallel columns, his purpose and the principles that guided his work
Hexateuch - A name commonly used by the critics to designate the first six books of the Old Testament, i.e. the Pentateuch and Josue
Hexham and Newcastle - Diocese of Hexham and Newcastle (Hagulstadensis et Novocastrensis)
Heynlin of Stein, Johann - A theologian, born about 1425; died at Basle, 12 March, 1496
Heywood, Jasper and John - Jasper Heywood, poet and translator; born 1535 in London; died 1598 at Naples. John Heywood, father of Jasper, dramatist and epigrammatist; born probably c. 1497; died about 1580
Hezekiah - King of Juda, son and successor of Achaz
Hibernians, Ancient Order of - This organization grew up gradually among the Catholics of Ireland owing to the dreadful hardships and persecutions to which they were subjected
Hickey, Antony - A theologian, born in the Barony of Islands, Co. Clare, Ireland, in 1586; died in Rome, 26 June, 1641
Hidalgo, Miguel - Mexican patriot (1753-1811)
Hierapolis - Titular Archdiocese, metropolis of the Province of Euphrates, in the Patriarchate of Antioch
Hierapolis - Titular see of Phrygia Salutaris
Hierarchy - This word has been used to denote the totality of ruling powers in the Church, ever since the time of the Pseudo-Dionysius Areopagita (sixth century), who consecrated the expression in his works, 'The Celestial Hierarchy' and 'The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy'
Hierarchy of the Early Church - The word hierarchy is used here to denote the three grades of bishop, priest, and deacon (ministri)
Hierocæsarea - A titular see of Lydia, suffragan of Sardis
Hieronymites - In the fourth century, certain Roman ladies, following St. Paula, embraced the religious life in Bethlehem, putting themselves under the direction of St. Jerome, who had founded a monastery in that city
Hierotheus - All attempts to establish as historical a personality corresponding to the Hierotheus who appears in the writings of Pseudo-Dionysius are rendered abortive by the fact, now definitely proven, that those writings, with intent to mislead, weave into their narrative various fictitious personalities of the Apostolic Era, such as Peter, James, John, Timothy, Carpus, and others
Higden, Ranulf - Benedictine chronicler (d. 1364)
High Altar - The chief altar in a church, raised on an elevated plane in the sanctuary, where it may be seen simultaneously by all the faithful in the body of the church
Higher Criticism - Biblical criticism in its fullest comprehension is the examination of the literary origins and historical values of the books composing the Bible, with the state in which these exist at the present day
High Priest, The - The chief priest in the Old Testament
Hilarion, Saint - Hermit, died in about 371
Hilarius, Pope Saint - As an archdeacon, he had acted as one of Pope St. Leo the Great's legates at the 'Robber Synod.' Biographical article
Hilarius of Sexten - Moral theologian (1839-1900)
Hilarus, Pope Saint - As an archdeacon, he had acted as one of Pope St. Leo the Great's legates at the 'Robber Synod.' Biographical article
Hilary of Arles, Saint - Biographical article on this 5th-century archbishop
Hilary of Poitiers, Saint - Biographical article on this bishop, a staunch opponent of Arianism, who died in 368. Includes bibliography
Hilda, Saint - Biographical article on the influential abbess, who died in 680
Hildebert of Lavardin - Bishop of Le Mans, Archbishop of Tours, and celebrated medieval poet; b. about 1056, at the Castle of Lavardin near Montoir on the Loire; d. 8 December, 1133 or 1134
Hildegard, Saint - Seer and prophet, Sibyl of the Rhine, d. 1179. Never formally canonized, but she is listed in the Roman Martyrology
Hildesheim - An exempt see, comprising the Prussian province of Hanover east of the Weser, besides the Duchy of Brunswick
Hilduin, Abbot of St-Denis - Died 22 November, 840
Hill, Ven. Richard - A Yorkshireman and priest, executed in 1590. Martyred together with John Hogg, Richard Holiday, and Edmund Duke
Hillel - Short essay on the Jewish rabbi and philosopher
Hilton, Walter - Article about the spiritual writings of this Augustinian mystic, d. 1396
Himeria - A titular see in the province of Osrhoene, suffragan of Edessa
Himerius - An Archbishop of Tarragona in Spain, 385
Hincmar of Reims - Archbishop of Reims
Hincmar of Laon - A bishop of Laon, died 879
Hinderer, Roman - A German missionary in China, born at Reiningen, near Muelhausen, in Alsace, 21 Sept., 1668; died 24 Aug., 1744
Hinduism - The conglomeration of religious beliefs and practices existing in India that have grown out of ancient Brahminism
Hingston, Sir William Hales - Canadian physician and surgeon, b. at Hinchinbrook near Huntingdon, Quebec, June 29, 1829; d. at Montreal, 19 February, 1907
Hippo Diarrhytus - Titular see of Northern Africa
Hippo Regius - Titular see of Numidia
Hippolytus of Rome, Saint - Presbyter, antipope, martyr, died about 236
Hippolytus, Saints - Several mentions of a saint or saints named Hippolytus occur in the Roman Martyrology. Some must be identified with Hippolytus of Rome, but at least one (a 'Greek martyr') cannot possibly be the same person as the Roman presbyter
Hippos - Several mentions of a saint or saints named Hippolytus occur in the Roman Martyrology. Some must be identified with Hippolytus of Rome, but at least one (a 'Greek martyr') cannot possibly be the same person as the Roman presbyter
Hirena - Titular see of Tunis
Hirschau, Abbey of - A celebrated Benedictine monastery in Wuertemberg, Diocese of Spires
Hirscher, Johann Baptist von - Professor of moral theology and catechetics at the University of Freiburg in the Breisgau
Historical Criticism - The art of distinguishing the true from the false concerning facts of the past
History, Ecclesiastical - A survey of the role of church history, the history of the Catholic Church and historiography of church history
Hittites - One of the many peoples of North-Western Asia, styled Hittim in the Hebrew Bible, Khuti or Kheta on the Egyptian monuments, and Hatti in the cuneiform documents
Hittorp, Melchior - A theologian and liturgical writer, born about 1525, at Cologne; died there in 1584
Hladnik, Franz von Paula - Botanist and schoolmaster (1773-1844)
Hobart - Archdiocese comprises Tasmania, Bruni Island, and the Cape Barren, Flinders, King, and other islands in Bass Straits
Hodgson, Sydney - Was martyred in 1591 for having assisted priests and for being a convert to Catholicism
Hofer, Andreas - A patriot and soldier, born at St. Leonhard in Passeyrthale, Tyrol, 22 Nov., 1767; executed at Mantua, 20 Feb., 1810
Höfler, Konstantin von - Historian; born at Memmingen, Bavaria, 26 March, 1811; died at Prague, 29 December, 1898
Hogan, John Baptist - Better known, on account of his long sojourn in France, as Abbe Hogan (1829-1901)
Hohenbaum van der Meer, Moritz - A Benedictine historian; born at Spoerl near Belgrade, 25 June, 1718; died at the monastery of Rheinau, near Schaffhausen in Switzerland, 18 December, 1795
Hohenburg - A suppressed nunnery, situated on the Odilienberg, the most famous of the Vosges mountains in Alsace
Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, Alexander Leopold - A titular Bishop of Sardica, famous for his many supposedly miraculous cures (1794-1849)
Holbein, Hans - A German painter; b. at Augsburg about 1460; d. at Isenheim, Alsace, in 1524
Holden, Henry - An English priest; born 1596; died March, 1662
Holiness - Holiness or sanctity is the outcome of sanctification, that Divine act by which God freely justifies us, and by which He has claimed us for His own; by our resulting sanctity, in act as well as in habit, we claim Him as our Beginning and as the End towards which we daily unflinchingly tend
Holland, Ven. Thomas - Short biography of the English priest and martyr, who died in 1642
Hollanders in the United States - Statistics and other information about Dutch immigrants
Holmes, John - Catholic educator and priest; born at Windsor, Vermont, in 1799; died at Lorette, near Quebec, Canada, in 1852
Holocaust - As suggested by its Greek origin (holos 'whole', and kaustos 'burnt') the word designates an offering entirely consumed by fire, in use among the Jews and some pagan nations of antiquity. [Definition from 1910.]
Holstenius, Lucas - German philologist, b. at Hamburg, 1596; d. at Rome, 2 February, 1661
Holtei, Karl von - German novelist, poet, and dramatist; b. at Breslau, 24 January, 1798; d. in that city, 12 February, 1880
Holy Agony, Archconfraternity of - An association for giving special honour to the mental sufferings of Christ during His Agony in the Garden of Gethsemani
Holy Alliance - The Emperor Francis I of Austria, King Frederick William III of Prussia, and the Tsar Alexander I of Russia, signed a treaty on 26 September, 1815, by which they united in a 'Holy Alliance.'
Holy Childhood, Association of the - A children's association for the benefit of foreign missions
Holy Child Jesus, Society of the - Founded in England in 1840 by Mrs. Cornelia Connelly, nee Peacock, a native of Philadelphia, U.S.A., who had become a convert to the Catholic Faith in 1835
Holy Coat - The possession of the seamless garment of Christ, for which the soldiers cast lots at the Crucifixion, is claimed by the cathedral of Trier and by the parish church of Argenteuil
Holy Communion - By Communion is meant the actual reception of the Sacrament of the Eucharist
Holy Cross, Congregation of - A body of priests and lay brothers constituted in the religious state by the simple vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, and bearing the common name of Religious of Holy Cross
Holy Cross, Sisters Marianites of - Founded in 1841, in the parish of Holy Cross near Le Mans, Sarthe, France, by a priest of the same city, Basile-Antoine Moreau
Holy Cross, Sisters of the - Mother House, St. Mary's of the Immaculate Conception, Notre Dame, Indiana
Holy Cross Abbey - The ruins of this monastery are situated on the right bank of the River Suir, about three miles southwest of the cathedral town of Thurles, Co. Tipperary
Holy Faith, Sisters of the - Founded at Dublin, in 1857, by Margaret Aylward, under the direction of Rev. John Gowan, C.M., for the care of Catholic orphans
Holy Family, Archconfraternity of the - This archconfraternity owes its origin to Henri Belletable, an officer in the Engineers' Corps, Liege, Belgium
Holy Family, Congregations of the - Details of various groups by this name
Holy Ghost - The doctrine of the Catholic Church concerning the Holy Ghost forms an integral part of her teaching on the mystery of the Holy Trinity
Holy Ghost, Orders of the - The Hospital of the Holy Ghost at Rome was the cradle of an order, which, beginning in the thirteenth century, spread throughout all the countries of Christendom, and whose incalculable services have been recognized by every historian of medicine
Holy Ghost, Religious Congregations of the - Several groups by this name are covered
Holy Grail, The - The name of a legendary sacred vessel, variously identified with the chalice of the Eucharist or the dish of the Pascal lamb, and the theme of a famous medieval cycle of romance
Holy House of Loreto - Since the fifteenth century, and possibly even earlier, the 'Holy House' of Loreto has been numbered among the most famous shrines of Italy
Holy Humility of Mary, Sisters of the - Founded at Dommartin-sous-Amance, France, in 1855, by John Joseph Begel (b. 5 April, 1817; d. 23 Jan., 1884), pastor of the two villages of Laitre and Dommartin
Holy Infancy, Brothers of the - Founded in 1853 by the Right Rev. John Timon, the first Bishop of Buffalo. The special aim of this congregation is the sanctification of its members and the care of destitute and wayward boys
Holy Innocents - Fairly long article on these children, and the commemoration of their martyrdom. Both Western and Eastern Christianity
Holy Name, Feast of the - Formerly the second Sunday after Epiphany, no longer on the Roman Calendar. Article's value is mostly historical. Mentions some of the more beautiful hymns addressed to Jesus
Holy Name, Litany of the - Does not give the text of the litany itself, but mentions many of the titles of Jesus Christ
Holy Name, Society of the - A.k.a. Holy Name Society. Men's confraternity to encourage prayer
Holy Name of Jesus - Reverence for the name of Jesus is not optional for believers. Article highlights the Scriptural reasons, and describes some customary ways of showing reverence
Holy Oils - Oil is a product of great utility the symbolic signification of which harmonizes with its natural uses. It serves to sweeten, to strengthen, to render supple; and the Church employs it for these purposes in its rites
Holy Oils, Vessels for - In Christian antiquity there existed an important category of vessels used as receptacles for holy oil
Holy Orders - The sacrament by which grace and spiritual power for the discharge of ecclesiastical offices are conferred.
Holy Saturday - In the early Church this was the only Saturday on which fasting was permitted (Constit. Apost., VII, 23), and the fast was one of special severity
Holy See - A term derived from the enthronement-ceremony of the bishops of Rome
Holy Sepulchre - The tomb in which the Body of Jesus Christ was laid after His death upon the Cross
Holy Sepulchre, Canonesses Regular of the - Concerning the foundation there is only a tradition connecting it with St. James the Apostle and representing St. Helena as invested with the habit by St. Macanus, Bishop of Jerusalem
Holy Sepulchre, Fathers of the - Franciscan Fathers, who with lay brothers keep watch over the Holy Sepulchre and the sanctuaries of the basilica
Holy Sepulchre, Knights of the - A secular confraternity which gradually grew up around the most august of the Holy Places
Holy Spirit - The doctrine of the Catholic Church concerning the Holy Ghost forms an integral part of her teaching on the mystery of the Holy Trinity
Holy Stairs (Scala Sancta) - Consisting of twenty-eight white marble steps, at Rome, near the Lateran; according to tradition the staircase leading once to the praetorium of Pilate at Jerusalem, hence sanctified by the footsteps of Our Lord during his Passion
Holy Synod - The name of the council by which the Church of Russia and, following its example, many other Orthodox Churches are governed
Holy Thursday - The feast of Maundy (or Holy) Thursday solemnly commemorates the institution of the Eucharist and is the oldest of the observances peculiar to Holy Week
Holy Water - In the earliest Christian times, water was used for expiatory and purificatory purposes, to a way analogous to its employment under the Jewish Law
Holy Water Fonts - Vessels intended for the use of holy water
Holy Week - The week which precedes the great festival of the Resurrection on Easter Sunday, and which consequently is used to commemorate the Passion of Christ, and the event which immediately led up to it
Holy Year of Jubilee - Background information relating to the Jubilee
Holyrood Abbey - Located in Edinburgh, Scotland; founded in 1128 by King David I for the Canons Regular of St. Augustine, probably brought from St. Andrews
Holywell - Two documents of the twelfth century, preserved in the British Museum, and printed by the Bollandists, give its history, with the earliest record of the miraculous cures effected by its waters
Holywood, Christopher - Jesuit; b. At Artane, Dublin, in 1559; d. 4 September, 1626
Holywood, John - John Holywood, a monk of English origin, lived in the first half of the thirteenth century as professor of astronomy at Paris; died in that city, 1256
Holzhauser, Bartholomew - Parish priest, ecclesiastical writer, and founder of a religious community; born 24 Aug., 1613, at Laugna in the Diocese of Augsburg, Bavaria; died 20 May, 1658
Homes - This term, when used in an eleemosynary sense, covers all institutions that afford the general comforts of domestic life to persons who are defective and dependent
Homicide - Signifies, in general, the killing of a human being. In practice, however, the word has come to mean the unjust taking away of human life, perpetrated by one distinct from the victim and acting in a private capacity
Homiletics - Lengthy historical article. Includes extensive bibliography
Homiliarium - A collection of homilies, or familiar explanations of the Gospels
Homily - Etymology, early development. Also a summary of four ways of preaching on Scripture
Homoousion - The word used by the Council of Nicaea (325) to express the Divinity of Christ
Honduras - The territory of the vicariate is co-extensive with that of the British Crown Colony of the same name
Hong-Kong - A prefect Apostolic under the Bishop of Macao was nominated by Gregory XVI (1846); a vicariate Apostolic was created in 1874
Honoratus, Saint - Founder of the famous monastery at Lerins, Archbishop of Arles, d. 429
Honoratus a Sancta Maria - A Discalced Carmelite; born at Limoges, 4 July, 1651 ; died at Lille, 1729
Honorius, Saint - Archbishop of Canterbury, d. 653
Honorius I, Pope - Reigned 625-638
Honorius II, Pope - Archdeacon of Bologna. Died at Rome, 14 February, 1130
Honorius III, Pope - Born at Rome, date of birth unknown; died at Rome, 18 March, 1227
Honorius IV, Pope - Born at Rome about 1210; died at Rome, 3 April, 1287
Honorius, Flavius - Roman Emperor, d. 25 August, 423
Honorius of Autun - A theologian, philosopher, and encyclopedic writer who lived in the first half of the twelfth century
Honour - May be defined as the deferential recognition by word or sign of another's worth or station
Hontheim, Johannes Nicolaus von - An auxiliary Bishop of Trier; born at Trier, 27 January, 1701; died at Montquentin, near Orval, 2 Sept., 1790
Hood - A flexible, conical, brimless head-dress, covering the entire head, except the face
Hoogstraten, Jacob van - A theologian and controversialist, born about 1460, in Hoogstraeten, Belgium; died in Cologne, 24 January, 1527
Hooke, Luke Joseph - Born at Dublin in 1716; died at St. Cloud, Paris, 16 April, 1796, son of Nathaniel Hooke the historian
Hope - The desire of something together with the expectation of obtaining it
Hope-Scott, James Robert - Parliamentary barrister, Q.C.; b. 15 July, 1812, at Great Marlow, Berkshire, England; d. in London, 29 April, 1873
Hopi Indians - A tribe of Pueblo Indians of Shoshonean stock
Hôpital, Guillaume-François-Antoine de L' - Marquis de Sainte-Mesme and Comte d'Entremont, French mathematician; b. at Paris, 1661; d. at Paris, 2 February, 1704
Hopkins, Gerard Manley - Jesuit and poet (1844-1889)
Hormisdas, Pope Saint - Died 523. The father of Pope Silverius
Horner, Nicholas - Short biography of the London tailor, a layman, who was hanged, drawn, and quartered in 1590 for assisting a Catholic priest
Horns, Altar - On the Jewish altar there were four projections, one at each corner, which were called the horns of the altar. These projections are not found on the Christian altar, but the word cornu ('horn') is still maintained to designate the sides or corners of the altar
Hornyold, John Joseph - A titular Bishop of Phiomelia, Vicar Apostolic of the Midland District, England; born 19 February, 1706; died at Longbirch, Staffordshire, 26 December, 1778
Hortulus Animæ - A prayer book popular in the early years of the sixteenth century
Hosanna - The general opinion is that of St. Jerome, that the word originated from two Hebrew words of Psalm 117:25. This psalm, was recited by one of the priests every day during the procession round the altar, during the Feast of Tabernacles, when the people were commanded to 'rejoice before the Lord' (Levitucs 13:40); and on the seventh day it was recited each time during the seven processions
Hosea - The prophet and his book
Hosius, Stanislaus - Cardinal and Prince-Bishop of Ermland; born of German parents at Cracow, 5 May, 1504; died at Capranica, near Rome, S August, 1579
Hosius of Cordova - The foremost Western champion of orthodoxy in the early anti-Arian struggle; born about 256; died about 358
Hospice - During the early centuries of Christianity the hospice was a shelter for the sick, the poor, the orphans, the old, the travellers and the needy of every kind
Hospitality - In the religious orders the duty of hospitality was insisted upon from the beginning both in East and West
Hospitallers - During the Middle Ages, among the hospitals established throughout, religious of both sexes lived under one roof, following the Rule of St. Augustine
Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem - The most important of all the military orders, both for the extent of its area and for its duration
Hospitals - Originally, hospital meant a place where strangers or visitors were received; in the course of time, its use was restricted to institutions for the care of the sick
Hospital Sisters of the Mercy of Jesus - These sisters are established in religion under the Rule of St. Augustine, the institute being dependent on the pope represented by the bishop
Hospitius, Saint - Popularly known as Sospis. A hermit, he died in 581
Hossche, Sidron de - Poet and priest; born at Mercken, West Flanders, in 1596; died at Tongres in 1653
Host, Johann - One of the seven Dominicans, who distinguished themselves in the struggle against Luther in Cologne
Host - Archaeological and historical aspects
Hottentots - One of three tribes of South Africa which may be divided Bantus, Hottentots, and Bushmen
Houbigant, Charles François - Oratorian, one of the ablest Biblical scholars of his time. Born in Paris, 1686; died there 31 October, 1783
Houdon, Jean-Antoine - Born at Versailles, 1741; died 16 July, 1828; the most distinguished sculptor of France during the latter half of the eighteenth century
Houdry, Vincent - Preacher and writer on ascetics; b. 23 January, 1631, at Tours; d. 21 March, 1729, at Paris
Houghton, John, Blessed - Biography of the Carthusian martyr, who died in 1535, and details on some of his companions in martyrdom
Houghton, William - Archbishop of Dublin, date and place of birth unknown; died at Dijon, 1298
Hours, Canonical - Essay on the practice of reciting the Divine Office according to set hours
Hours, Liturgy of the - Brief essay on the historical development of the Liturgy of the Hours
Hove, Peter van - Friar Minor, lector in theology and exegete; b. at Rethy, in Campine (Belgium); d. at Antwerp, in 1793
Howard, Mary, of the Holy Cross - Poor Clare, born 28 December, 1653; died at Rouen, 21 Mary's 1735
Howard, Philip Thomas - Dominican and cardinal, commonly called the 'Cardinal of Norfolk'; born at Arundel House, London, 21 September, 1629; died at Rome, 17 June, 1694
Howard, Philip, Venerable - Biographical article on the Earl of Arundel, martyred in 1595
Howard, Venerable William - Biography of the Viscount Stafford, who headed the list of Catholic lords pursued by Titus Oates in the so-called Popish Plot. Imprisoned in the Tower and tried before the House of Lords, Stafford was executed in 1680
Hroswitha - A celebrated nun-poetess of the tenth century, whose name has been given in various forms, Roswitha, Hrotswitha, Hrosvitha, and Hrotsuit; born probably between 930 and 940, died about 1002
Huajuápam de León - Diocese in the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, erected by Bull of Leo XIII
Huánuco - Suffragan of Lima in Peru
Huaraz - Suffragan of Lima. It comprises the entire department of Ancachs in the Republic of Peru
Huber, Alphons - Historian; born 14 October, 1834, at Fuegen, Zillerthal (Tyrol); died 23 November, 1898, at Vienna
Hubert, Saint - Confessor, first bishop of Liege, d. 727 or 728
Hubert, Jean-François - The ninth Bishop of Quebec, born at Quebec, 23 February, 1739; died 17 October, 1799
Hubert, Saint, Military Orders of - The highest order of Bavaria, founded in 1444 or 1445 by Gerhard V, Duke of Juelich, in commemoration of a victory gained on St. Hubert's day (3 Nov.); some, however, date the establishment as late as 1473 and 1475
Hubert Walter - Archbishop of Canterbury (1193-1205); died 13 July, 1205
Hübner, Count Alexander - An Austrian statesman, born 26 Nov., 1811; died 30 July, 1892
Huc, Evariste Régis - A French Lazarist missionary and traveller; born at Caylus (Tarn-et-Garonne), 1 June, 1813; died at Paris, 26 March, 1860
Hucbald of St-Amand - A Benedictine monk; born in 840; died in 930 or 932
Huddleston, John - Monk of the Order of St. Benedict; b. at Farington Hall, Lancashire, 15 April, 1608; exact date of death unknown; buried at London, 13 September, 1698
Hudson, Blessed James - Also called James Hudson. Priest who was imprisoned and then martyred at York in 1582
Hueber, Fortunatus - A Franciscan historian and theologian, born at Neustadt on the Danube; died 12 Feb., 1706, at Munich
Huelgas de Burgos - Founded by Alfonso VIII at the instance of his consort, Dona Leonor of England, about the year 1180
Huesca - Diocese embracing parts of the province of Huesca in north-eastern Spain, seven parishes in the Broto valley and three within the limits of the Archdiocese of Saragossa, one parish being situated in the city of Saragossa itself
Huet, Pierre-Daniel - A distinguished savant and celebrated French bishop; born 8 February, 1630, at Caen (Normandy), where his father, a convert from Calvinism, was sheriff; died at Paris, 26 January, 1721
Hüffer, Hermann - Historian and jurist; born 24 March, 1830, at Muenster in Westphalia; died at Bonn, 15 March, 1905
Hug, Johann Leonhard - A German Catholic exegete, b. at Constance, 1 June, 1765; d. at Freiburg im Br., 11 March, 1846
Hugh, Saint - Article on Little St. Hugh of Lincoln
Hugh Capet - King of France, founder of the Capetian dynasty, b. about the middle of the tenth century; d. about 996, probably 24 October
Hughes, John - Fourth bishop and first Archbishop of New York, born at Annaloghan, Co. Tyrone, Ireland, 24 June, 1797 of Patrick Hughes and Margaret McKenna: died in New York, 3 January, 1864
Hugh Faringdon, Blessed - His family name was Cook; Faringdon is his probable birthplace. Mitred abbot of Reading. When he refused to surrender the abbey, he was condemned to death. Martyred in 1539
Hugh of Digne - Friar Minor and ascetical writer; b. at Digne, south-east France, date uncertain; d. at Marseilles about 1285
Hugh of Lincoln, Saint - Biography of this Augustinian and later a Carthusian, d. 1200, canonized 1220
Hugh of Flavigny - Benedictine monk and historian; b. about 1064, probably at Verdun (Lorraine); d. before the middle of the twelfth century
Hugh of Fleury - Benedictine monk and ecclesiastical writer; d. not before 1118
Hugh of Remiremont - Cardinal, born of a noble family, probably in Lorraine, died soon after 1098
Hugh of St-Cher - Dominican cardinal (1200-1263)
Hugh of St. Victor - Lengthy essay on the life and writings of this philosopher, theologian, and mystical writer
Hugh of Strasburg - Theologian, flourished during the latter half of the thirteenth century
Hugh the Great, Saint - Biographical article on the distinguished and influential Abbot of Cluny, d. 1109
Hugo, Charles-Hyacinthe - Historiographer of the Norbertine Order (1667-1739)
Huguccio - Italian canonist, b. at Pisa, date unknown; d. in 1210
Huguenots - An extensive history of this French Protestant tradition
Hülshoff, Annette Elisabeth von - Biographical article on 'Germany's greatest poetess.'
Hulst, Maurice Le Sage d'Hauteroche d' - A prelate, writer, orator; born at Paris, 10 Oct., 1841; died there, 6 Nov., 1896
Human Acts - St. Thomas and the scholastics in general regard only the free and deliberate acts of the will as human
Humanism - The name given to the intellectual, literary, and scientific movement of the fourteenth to the sixteenth centuries, which aimed at basing every branch of learning on the literature and culture of classical antiquity
Humbert of Romans - Fifth Dominican master general (1194-1277)
Humeral Veil - The name given to a cloth of rectangular shape about 8 feet long and 18 inches wide
Humiliati - A penitential order dating back, according to some authorities, to the beginning of the eleventh, but more probably to the beginning of the twelfth century, to the reign of Emperor Henry V, who, after quelling a rebellion in Lombardy, led the principal nobles of the cities implicated back to Germany as captives
Humility - The word humility signifies lowliness or submissiveness and it is derived from the Latin humilitas or, as St. Thomas says, from humus, i.e. the earth which is beneath us
Humphrey Middlemore, Blessed - English Carthusian priest and martyr, was executed in 1535 for unwillingness to take the oath of supremacy
Humphreys, Laurence - Short account of the life of this young layman who was martyred in 1591 for words allegedly uttered when he was seriously ill
Hungarian Catholics in America - Information about immigrants from this country
Hungary - History of the country
Hungarian Literature - History from the pre-Reformation period to the modern period
Hunolt, Franz - The most popular German preacher of the early part of the eighteenth century, b. 31 March, 1691, at Siegen; d. 12 September, 1746, at Trier
Hunt, Ven. Thurston - When Robert Middleton was arrested, Hunt tried to rescue him but was captured. The two priests were martyred at Lancaster in 1601. Efforts by the government to bring the condemned men into public disrepute were failures
Hunter, Sylvester Joseph - English Jesuit priest and educator; b. at Bath, 13 Sept., 1829; d. at Stonyhurst, 20 June, 1896
Hunting, Canons on - From early times, hunting, in one form or another has been forbidden to clerics
Huntington, Jedediah Vincent - Clergyman, novelist; born 20 January, 1815, in New York City; died 10 March, 1862, at Pau, France
Hunyady, János - Governor of Hungary, born about 1400; died 11 August, 1456
Huron Indians - If language may be taken as a fair criterion to go by, the Hurons proper were the original stock from which sprang all the branches of the great Iroquoian family, whether included in the primitive federation of the Five Nations, or standing apart territorially, within historical times, as did the Tuskaroras, the Cherokees, and the Andastes
Hurst, Richard - Also called Richard Herst. Layman martyred at Lancaster in 1628 following a show trial
Hurtado, Caspar - A Spanish Jesuit and theologian, b. at Mondejar, New Castle, in 1575; d. at Alcala, 5 August, 1647
Hurter - Several members of this family detailed
Hus, Jan - Biographical article, with extensive hyperlinks
Husenbeth, Frederick Charles - Writer and editor, born at Bristol, 30 May, 1796; died at Cossey, Norfolk, 31 October, 1872
Hussey, Thomas - Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, b. at Ballybogan, Co. Meath, in 1746; d. at Tramore, Co. Waterford, 11 July, 1803
Hussites - The followers of Jan Hus did not of themselves assume the name of Hussites. Like Hus, they believed their creed to be truly Catholic; in papal and conciliar documents they appear as Wycliffites, although Hus and even Jerome of Prague are also named as their leaders
Hutton, Peter - Priest, b. at Holbeck, Leeds, Yorkshire, England, 29 June, 1811; d. at Ratcliffe, Leicestershire, England, 2 Sept., 1880
Huysmans, Joris Karl - French novelist (1848-1907)
Hyacinth and Protus, Saints - Martyrs in the Valerian persecution (257-259)
Hyacinth, Saint - Polish Dominican, died in 1257
Hyacintha Mariscotti, Saint - Third Order Franciscan, founder of the Oblates of Mary (Sacconi), died 1640
Hydatius of Lemica - Chronicler and bishop (d. 468)
Hyderabad-Deccan, Diocese of - Hyderabad, also called Bhagnagar, and Fakhunda Bunyad, capital of the Nizam's dominions, was founded in 1589, by Mohammed Kuli, King of Golconda
Hyginus, Pope Saint - Greek by birth, the successor of Pope Telesphorus. Died in about 142
Hylozoism - The doctrine according to which all matter possesses life
Hymn - A derivative of the Latin hymnus, which comes from the Greek hymnos, derived from hydein, to sing
Hymnody and Hymnology - Hymnody means exactly 'hymn song', but as the hymn-singer as well as the hymn-poet are included under (hymnodos), so we also include under hymnody the hymnal verse or religious lyric. Hymnology is the science of hymnody or the historico-philogical investigation and aesthetic estimation of hymns and hymn writers
Hypæpa - Titular see of Asia Minor
Hypnotism - The nervous sleep, induced by artificial and external means, which has been made the subject of experiment and methodical study by men of science, physicians or physiologists
Hypocrisy - The pretension to qualities which one does not possess, or, more cognately to the scope of this article, the putting forward of a false appearance of virtue or religion
Hypostatic Union - A theological term used with reference to the Incarnation to express the revealed truth that in Christ one person subsists in two natures, the Divine and the human
Hypsistarians - A distinct Jewish-pagan sect which flourished from about 200 B.C. to about A.D. 400, mostly in Asia Minor (Cappadocia Bithynia, Pontus) and on the South Russian coasts of the Euxine Sea
Hyrtl, Joseph - Austrian anatomist, b. at Eisenstadt in Hungary, December 7, 1810; d. 17 July, 1894, on his estate near Vienna
Hyssop - A plant which is referred to in a few passages of Holy Writ, and which cannot be identified with certainty at the present day

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