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Home > Catholic Encyclopedia > A > Abiathar


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(Hebrew ebhyathar, Father of plenty, or, the great one is father).

Descendant of Achimelech, Achitob, Phinees, Heli, Ithamar, Aaron, a high priest who escaped from the slaughter at Nob, went to David in his banishment (1 Samuel 22:20-23; 23:6) and assisted him with his advice (1 Samuel 23:9-14; 30:7). Together with the high priest Sadoc, he assisted at the transportation of the ark to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:11, 12), and tried to follow David in his flight (2 Samuel 15:24), but instead aided him by counsel (2 Samuel 15:29-36; 17:15 sq.; 19:11; 1 Chronicles 27:34). He favoured Adonias (1 Kings 1:7, 19, 25, 42), and was banished by Solomon to Anathoth (1 Kings 2:22-27), thus completing the ruin of the house of Ithamar (1 Samuel 2:30-36; 3:10-14). As to 2 Samuel 8:17, see Commentaries.


About this page

APA citation. Maas, A. (1907). Abiathar. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

MLA citation. Maas, Anthony. "Abiathar." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. <>.

Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. March 1, 1907. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York.

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