New Advent
 Home   Encyclopedia   Summa   Fathers   Bible   Library 
 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 
Home > Catholic Encyclopedia > E > Europus

Europus

A titular see in Provincis Euphratensis, suffragan of Hierapolis. The former name of this city was Thapsacus (Thaphsakh), an Aramean word which means "ford"; it was an important trade-center at the northern limit of Solomon's kingdom (1 Kings 4:24). The younger Cyrus and Alexander the Great forded the Euphrates at this point. The Macedonians called it Amphipolis. It took finally a third name, Europus under which it is mentioned by the geographers Ptolemy, Pliny, Hierocles, Georgius, Cyprius, etc. and figures in the "Notitia episcopatuum" of the Antiochene patriachate. (see Echos d'Orient, 1907, 451) We know but one of its Greek bishops, in 451 (Lequien, Oriens christ., II, 949), and a Jacobite one, between 793 and 817 (Revue de L'Orient Chrétien, 1899, 451). Justinian built a fortress at Europus (Procop., de ædif., II, 9). When the city was destroyed is unknown. Its ruins stand at Djerabis, a corrupted form of Europus, on the right bank of the Euphrates, about twenty-five kilometers south of Biredjik, in the vilayet of Aleppo.

Sources

HOFFMAN, Auszüge aus Akten Pers. Märtyrer, 161; SACHAU, Reise in Syrien und Mesopotamien, 168.

About this page

APA citation. Vailhé, S. (1909). Europus. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05614a.htm

MLA citation. Vailhé, Siméon. "Europus." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05614a.htm>.

Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by C.A. Montgomery.

Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. May 1, 1909. Remy Lafort, Censor. Imprimatur. +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York.

Contact information. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. My email address is feedback732 at newadvent.org. (To help fight spam, this address might change occasionally.) Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads.

Copyright © 2009 by Kevin Knight. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

CONTACT US