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Home > Catholic Encyclopedia > D

D

Dablon, Claude - Jesuit missionary, born at Dieppe, France, in February, 1618; died at Quebec, 3 May, 1697
Dabrowski, Joseph - Founder of Sts. Cyril and Methodius Seminary in Detroit (d. 1903)
Dacca - Diocese in Bengal, India
Dacier, André - A French philologist, born at Castres, 6 April, 1651; died 18 September, 1722
Dacier, Anne - The wife of Andre Dacier, born at Saumur in 1651; died 17 April 1720
Dagon - A Philistine deity
Daguesseau, Henri-François - Chancellor of France, born at Limoges, 27 November, 1668; died at Paris, 5 February, 1751
Dahomey - The Vicariate Apostolic of Dahomey, in West Africa, is territorially identical with the French colony of the same name
Dalberg, Adolphus von - Prince-Abbot of Fulda and founder of the university in the same city, born 29 May, 1678; died 3 November, 1737
Dalgairns, John Dobree - Born in the island of Guernsey, 21 Oct., 1818; d. 6 April, 1876, at St. George's Retreat, Burgess Hill, near Brighton, England
Dalila - The woman who deceived and betrayed Samson
Dallas - Diocese created in 1890, comprising 108 counties in the northern and north-western portion of the State of Texas, U.S.A
Dalley, William Bede - Lawyer and statesman, born in Sydney, New South Wales, 1831; died there 28 October, 1888
Dalmatia - A part of the Kingdom of Croatia according to a convention entered into between Croatia and Hungary
Dalmatic - The outer liturgical vestment of the deacon
Dalton, John - Irish author and translator from Spanish and German, born in 1814; died at Maddermarket, Norwich, 15 February, 1874
Damão - Suffragan to Goa, and situated in Portugese India and the British Government of Bombay
Damaraland - The middle part of the German colony, German Southwest Africa
Damascus - It is mentioned in the Bible at the time of Abraham ; xv, 2); also on the pylons of Karnak, among the Syrian cities captured by the Pharaoh Touthmes III
Damasus I, Saint, Pope - Damasus, who had to contend with an antipope, condemned Apollinarianism, and persuaded St. Jerome to undertake the revision of the Latin Bible, died in 384
Damasus II, Pope - A native of Bavaria and the third German to be elevated to the See of Peter
Damberger, Joseph Ferdinand - Church historian, born 1 March, 1795, at Passau, Bavaria; died 1 April, 1859, at Schaeftlarn
Damian and Cosmas, Saints - Short hagiography of these twins, physicians, and martyrs. They died on 27 September, probably in the year 287
Damien, Father (Joseph de Veuster) - Biography of the Belgian missionary priest to the leper colony on Molokai
Damietta - An Egyptian titular see for the Latins and the Catholic Melchite Greeks, in Augustamnica Prima
Dan - The fifth son of Jacob, being the elder of the two sons born to him by Bala, the handmaid of Rachel, and the eponymous ancestor of the tribe bearing the same name
Danaba - A titular see of Phaenicia Secunda
Dance of Death - Originally a species of spectacular play akin to the English moralities. It has been traced back to the middle of the fourteenth century
Dancing - The origin of dancing is from the natural tendency to employ gesture either to supplement or to replace speech
Dandolo, Enrico - Doge of Venice from 1192 to 1205; died, aged about a hundred years, in 1205
Daniel - The hero and traditional author of the book which bears his name
Daniel, Anthony - Huron missionary, born at Dieppe, in Normandy, 27 May 1601, slain by the Iroquois
Daniel, Book of - In the Hebrew Bible, and in most recent Protestant versions, the Book of Daniel is limited to its proto-canonical portions. In the Septuagint, the Vulgate, and many other ancient and modern translations of the Bible, it comprises both its proto- and its deutero-canonical parts, both of which have an equal right to be considered as inspired, and to be included in a treatment of the Book of Daniel
Daniel, Charles - Founded the 'Etudes de theologie et d' histoire', a magazine with monthly publication (1818-1893)
Daniel, Gabriel - Historian and controversialist, born at Rouen, France, 8 Feb., 1649; died at Paris, 23 June, 1728
Daniel, John - Priest and professor, Born 1745; died in Paris, 3 October, 1823
Daniel and Companions, Saint - Franciscan missionaries and martyrs, d. 10 October, 1227
Daniel of Winchester - Bishop of the West Saxons, and ruler of the See of Winchester from 705 to 744; died in 745
Dansara - A titular see in Osrhoene
Dante Alighieri - An annotated (in linked hypertext) biography of the poet
Danti, Ignazio - Mathematician and cosmographer, b. at Perugia, Italy, 1537; d. at Alatri, 19 Oct., 1586
Danti, Vincenzo - Sculptor, brother of Ignazio, b. at Perugia, 1530; d. 24 May, 1576
Dantine, Maurus - Benedictine of the Congregation of Saint-Maur, and chronologist, born at Gourieux near Namur, Belgium, 1 April, 1688; died in the monastery of the 'Blancs-Manteaux', Paris, 3 November, 1746
Da Ponte, Lorenzo - Poet, b. at Cenada, Italy, 1749; d. in New York, 17 Aug., 1838
Darboy, Georges - Archbishop of Paris and ecclesiastical writer, b. at Fayl-Billot, near Langres, 1813; killed by Communists at Paris, 24 May, 1871
Dardanus - A titular see in the province of Hellespont, suffragan of Cyzicus
Dardel, Jean - Friar Minor of the French province of the order, chronicler of Armenia in the fourteenth century, adviser and confessor to King Leo V (or VI) of Armenia
Darerca, Saint - Sister of St. Patrick and the mother of many saints
Dareste de la Chavanne, Antoine-Elisabeth - Historian and professor, b. in Paris, 25 October, 1820; d. at Lucenay-les-Aix, 6 August, 1882
Darius and Chrysanthus, Saints - Martyrs at Rome, perhaps in 283 or 284
Darnis - Titular see of Libya
Darras, Joseph-Epiphane - Church historian, b. at Troyes, France, 1825; d. at Paris, Nov. 8, 1878
Darrell, William - Theologian, b. 1651, in Buckinghamshire, England; d. 28 Feb., 1721, at St. Omer's, France
Dates and Dating - In classical Latin even before the time of Christ it was usual for correspondents to indicate when and where their letters were written
Daubrée, Gabriel-Auguste - French geologist, b. at Metz, 25 June, 1814; d. at Paris, 29 May, 1896
Daulia - A titular see of Greece
Daumer, Georg Friedrich - German poet and philosopher, b. at Nuremberg, 5 March, 1800; d. at Wurzburg, 14 December, 1875
D'Avenant, Sir William - Poet and dramatist, b. Feb., 1605-6, at Oxford, England; d. in London, 7 April, 1668
Davenport, Christopher - Theologian, b. 1598, at Coventry, England, d. 31 May, 1680
Davenport - Diocese erected 8 May, 1881, in the four southern tiers of counties in Iowa
David, Saint - Also known as Dewi or Degui. Biography of this bishop and confessor, the patron saint of Wales
David, Armand - Missionary priest and zoologist, b. 1826; d. 1900
David, Gheeraert - Painter and illuminator (1450-1523)
David, King - In the Bible the name David is borne only by the second king of Israel, the great-grandson of Boaz and Ruth
David of Augsburg - Medieval German mystic, b. probably at Augsburg, Bavaria, early in the thirteenth century; d. at Augsburg, 19 November, 1272
David of Dinant - A pantheistic philosopher who lived in the first decades of the thirteenth century
David Scotus - A medieval Irish chronicler, date of birth unknown; d. 1139
Davies, Venerable William - Biography of the Welsh priest concentrates especially on his imprisonment and martyrdom. Fr. Davies died in 1593
Dávila Padilla - Writer, Bishop of Santo Domingo. A native of the City of Mexico, b. 1562; d. 1604
Dawson, Æneas McDonnell - Author, b. in Scotland, 30 July, 1810; d. in Ottawa, Canada, 29 Dec., 1894
Day, George - Bishop of Chichester; b. in Shropshire, England, c. 1501; d. 2 August, 1556
Day, John Charles, Sir - Jurist, b. near Bath, England, 1826; d. 13 June, 1908, at Newbury
Day of Atonement - A most solemn fast, on which no food could be taken throughout the day, and servile works were forbidden
Dax, Diocese of - Suppressed French diocese
Deaconesses - Offers history and functions
Deacons - The name means only minister or servant, and is employed in this sense both in the Septuagint (though only in the book of Esther, and in the New Testament
Dead, Prayers for the - Catholic teaching regarding prayers for the dead is bound up inseparably with the doctrine of purgatory and the more general doctrine of the communion of the saints, which is an article of the Apostle's Creed
Dead Sea - The name given to the lake that lies on the south-eastern border of Palestine
Deaf, Education of the - History, aids, and alphabets are discussed
Dean - One of the principal administrative officials of a diocese
Dean, William, Venerable - Short article on the career of this English priest, martyred in 1588
Dease, Thomas - Bishop of Meath, born in Ireland, 1568; died at Galway, 1651
Death, Dance of - Originally a species of spectacular play akin to the English moralities. It has been traced back to the middle of the fourteenth century
Death, Preparation for - Includes the steps taken, such as calling a priest, winding up earthly affairs, and confession
Death Penalty - The infliction by due legal process of the penalty of death as a punishment for crime.
Debbora - Prophetess and judge, wife of Lapidoth and endowed by God with prophetic gifts which secured for her the veneration of the divided Israelitic tribes and gave her great authority over them
Debt - That which is owed or due to another; in general, anything which one person is under an obligation to pay or render to another
Decalogue - The term employed to designate the collection of precepts written on two tables of stone and given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai
Decapolis - Name given in the Bible and by ancient writers to a region in Palestine lying to the east and south of the Sea of Galilee
Dechamps, Adolphe - Belgian statesman and publicist, brother of Cardinal Dechamps, born at Melle near Ghent, 17 June, 1807, died at Manage, 19 July, 1875
Dechamps, Victor Augustin Isidore - Cardinal, Archbishop of Mechlin, and Primate of Belgium; born at Melle near Ghent 6 Dec., 1810; died 29 Sept., 1883, at Mechlin
Decius - Roman Emperor 249-251
Decker, Hans - A German sculptor of the middle of the fifteenth century
Declaration, The Royal - The name most commonly given to the solemn repudiation of Catholicity which, in accordance with provisions of the 'Bill of Rights' (1689) and of 'the Act of Succession' (1700), every sovereign succeeding to the throne of Great Britain was required to make in the presence of the assembled Lords and Commons
Decorations, Pontifical - The titles of nobility, orders of Christian knighthood and other marks of honour and distinction which the papal court confers upon men of unblemished character who have in any way promoted the interests of society, the Church, and the Holy See
Decree - In a general sense, an order or law made by a superior authority for the direction of others. In ecclesiastical use it has various meanings. Any papal Bull, Brief, or Motu Proprio is a decree inasmuch as these documents are legislative acts of the Holy Father
Decretals, Papal - In the wide sense the term decretalis signifies a pontifical letter containing a decretum, or pontifical decision. In a narrower sense it denotes a decision on a matter of discipline. In the strictest sense of the word, it means a rescript, an answer of the pope when he has been appealed to or his advice has been sought on a matter of discipline
Dedication - A term which, though sometimes used of persons who are consecrated to God's service, is more properly applied to the 'setting aside' of places for a special and sacred purpose
Dedication, Feast of the - Also called the Feast of the Machabees and Feast of Lights
Deduction - An argument or reasoning process, that kind of mediate inference by which from truths already known we advance to a knowledge of other truths necessarily implied in the former; the mental product or result of that process. Also a method, the deductive method, by which we increase our knowledge through a series of such inferences
Deer, Abbey of - A once famous Scotch monastery. According to the Celtic legend St. Columcille, his disciple Drostan, and others, went from Hy (Iona) into Buchan and established an important missionary centre at Deer on the banks of the Ugie on lands given him by the mormaer or chief of the district whose son he had by his prayers freed of a dangerous illness
Defender of the Matrimonial Tie - An official whose duty is to defend the marriage-bond in the procedure prescribed for the hearing of matrimonial causes which involve the validity or nullity of a marriage already contracted
Definitions, Theological - An irrevocable decision, by which the supreme teaching authority in the Church decides a question appertaining to faith or morals, and which binds the whole Church
Definitor (in Canon Law) - An official in secular deaneries and in certain religious orders
Definitors (in Religious Orders) - Generally speaking, the governing council of an order
Deger, Ernst - Historical painter, born in Bockenem, Hanover, 15 April, 1809; died in Duesseldorf, 27 Jan., 1885
Degradation - A canonical penalty by which an ecclesiastic is entirely and perpetually deprived of all office, benefice, dignity, and power conferred on him by ordination; and by a special ceremony is reduced to the state of a layman, losing the privileges of the clerical state and being given over to the secular arm
Deharbe, Joseph - Theologian, catechist, b. at Straburg, Alsace, 11 April, 1800; d. at Maria-Laach, 8 November, 1871
Deicolus, Saint - Or Dichuil. Elder brother of St. Gall and missionary companion of St. Columbanus. Deicolus died in 625
Dei gratia; Dei et Apostolicæ Sedis gratia - A formulae added to the titles of ecclesiastical dignitaries
Deism - Historical survey and critique
Deity - This article is confined to the non-Christian notion of the Deity
De La Croix, Charles - Missionary, b. at Hoorbeke-St-Corneille, Belgium, 28 Oct., 1792; d. at Ghent, 20 Aug., 1869
Delacroix, Ferdinand-Victor-Eugène - Artist's biography with bibliography
Delaroche, Hippolyte - Painter, born at Paris, 17 July, 1797; died 4 November, 1856
Delatores - A term used by the Synod of Elvira (c. 306) to stigmatize those Christians who appeared as accusers of their brethren
Delaware - One of the original thirteen of the United States of America
Delaware Indians - An important tribal confederacy of Algonquian stock originally holding the basin of the Delaware River, in Eastern Pennsylvania
Delcus - A titular see of Thrace, suffragan of Philippopolis
Delegation - A delegation is the commission to another of jurisdiction, which is to be exercised in the name of the person delegating. Jurisdiction is defined as the power of anyone who has public authority and pre-eminence over others for their rule and government
Delfau, François - Theologian, born 1637 at Montel in Auvergne, France; died 13 Oct., 1676
Delfino, Pietro - A theologian, born at Venice in 1444; died 16 Jan., 1525
Delilah - The woman who deceived and betrayed Samson
Delille, Jacques - French abbe and litterateur, born at Aigueperse, 22 June, 1738; died at Paris, 1 May, 1813
De Lisle, Ambrose Lisle March Phillipps - Born 17 March, 1809; died 5 March, 1878
Delisle, Guillaume - Reformer of cartography, born 28 February, 1675, in Paris; died there 25 January, 1726
De L'Orme, Philibert - Celebrated architect of the French Renaissance, born at Lyons, c. 1515 or a little later; died at Paris, 8 January, 1570
Delphine, Blessed - Third Order Franciscan, the wife of St. Elzear. She died in 1358
Delrio, Martin Anton - Scholar, statesman, Jesuit theologian, born at Antwerp, 17 May, 1551; died at Louvain, 19 October, 1608
Delta of the Nile, Prefecture Apostolic of the - Situated in the north of Egypt and comprises four of the six provinces forming Lower Egypt, namely: Gharbieh, Charkieb, Menufieh, and Kalyiubieh
Deluge - A catastrophe fully described in Genesis
Demers, Modeste - Missionary in Pacific Northwest (1809-1871)
Demetrius, Saint - The first bishop of Alexandria of whom anything is known. Appointed Origen as head of the Catechetical School and later condemned him for being ordained to the presbyterate without authorization. Demetrius died in 231
Demetrius - The name of two Syrian kings mentioned in the Old Testament and two other persons in the New Testament
Demiurge - The word means literally a public worker, demioergos, demiourgos, and was originally used to designate any craftsman plying his craft or trade for the use of the public. Soon, however, technítes and other words began to be used to designate the common artisan while demiurge was set aside for the Great Artificer or Fabricator, the Architect of the universe
Democracy, Christian - Article representing Christian democracy as the ensemble of Catholic doctrine, organization, and action in the field of popular social questions
Demon - In Scripture and in Catholic theology this word has come to mean much the same as devil and denotes one of the evil spirits or fallen angels
Demoniacs - Article concerned with the demonic possession in the New Testament
Demonology - The science or doctrine concerning demons
Dempster, Thomas - Savant, professor, and author (1579-1625)
Denaut, Pierre - Tenth Bishop of Quebec, b. at Montreal, 20 July, 1743; d. at Longueuil in 1806
Dénés - An aboriginal race of North America, also called Athapaskans and known earlier among earlier ethnologists as Tinne or Tinneh
Denifle, Heinrich Seuse - Paleographer and historian (1844-1905)
Denis, Saint - Bishop of Paris, martyred along with his deacons Rusticus and Eleutherius in about 275
Denis, Johann Nepomuk Cosmas Michael - Bibliographer and poet, b. at Schaerding, Bavaria, 27 September, 1729; d. at Vienna, 29 Sept., 1800
Denis, Joseph - The first Canadian to join the Recollects of the Friars Minor (1657-1736)
Denman, William - Publisher, b. in Edinburgh, Scotland, 17 March, 1784; d. in Brooklyn, New York, U.S.A., 12 September, 1870
Denmark - History includes politics, religion, literary, and art
Denonville, Seigneur and Marquis de - Governor of New France, born in 1638 at Denonville in the department of Eure-et-Loir, France; died 1710
Dens, Peter - Theologian, b. at Boom, near Antwerp, Belgium, 12 September, 1690; d. at Mechlin, 15 February, 1775
Denunciation - Making known the crime of another to one who is his superior
Denver - A suffragan of the Archdiocese of Santa Fe, erected in 1887
Denys the Carthusian - Sometimes called the last of the Schoolmen, devoted to prayer, avid reader whose favorite author was Pseudo-Dionysius. Author of commentaries, sermons, and theological and philosophical treatises. He died in 1471
Denza, Francesco - Italian meteorologist and astronomer, b. at Naples, 7 June, 1834; d. at Rome, 14 December, 1894
Denzinger, Heinrich Joseph Dominicus - Theologian of the modern Catholic German school and author of the 'Enchiridion' universally used, b. 10 Oct., 1819, at Liege; d. 19 June, 1883
Deo Gratias - An old liturgical formula of the Latin Church to give thanks to God for graces received
De Paul University - In Chicago, the outgrowth of St. Vincent's College, which opened in Sept., 1898
Deposition - An ecclesiastical vindictive penalty by which a cleric is forever deprived of his office or benefice and of the right of exercising the functions of his orders
Deprés, Josquin - Article about his life and work, especially the religious dynamic in his compositions
De Profundis - 'Out of the depths'. First words of Psalm 129
Derbe - A titular see of Lycaonia, Asia Minor
Dereser, Anton - Discalced Carmelite, born at Fahr in Franconia, 3 February, 1757; died at Breslau, 15 or 16 June, 1807
Derogation - The partial revocation of a law, as opposed to abrogation or the total abolition of a law
De Rossi, Giovanni Battista - Christian archaeologist, best known for his work in connection with the Roman catacombs (1822-1894)
Derry - Includes nearly all the County Derry, part of Donegal, and a large portion of Tyrone, Ireland; it is a suffragan of Armagh
Derry, School of - This was the first foundation of St. Columba, the great Apostle of Scotland, and one of the three patron saints of Ireland
Desains, Paul-Quentin - Physicist, b. at St-Quentin, France, 12 July, 1817; d. at Paris, 3 May, 1885
Desault, Pierre-Joseph - Surgeon and anatomist, b. at Magny-Vernois a small town of Franche-Comte, France, in 1744; d. 1 June, 1795
Descartes, René - Philosopher and scientist, born at La Haye France, 31 March, 1596; died at Stockholm, Sweden, 11 February 1650
Deschamps, Eustache - Also called Morel, on account of his dark complexion; b. at Vertus in Champagne between 1338 and 1340; d. about 1410
Deschamps, Nicolas - Polemical writer, born at Villefranche (Rhone), France, 1797; died at Aix-en-Provence, 1872
Desclée, Henri and Jules - Nineteenth-century Belgian monks
Desecration - The loss of that peculiar quality of sacredness, which inheres in places and things in virtue of the constitutive blessing of the Church
Desert - The word wilderness, which is more frequently used than desert of the region of the Exodus, more nearly approaches the meaning of the Hebrew
Desertion - Brief explanation of the different situations to which this concept applies in canon law
Deshon, George - Paulist priest, died in 1903
Desiderius - Benedictine monk, peacemaker, abbot of Monte Cassino, elected to the papacy in 1086, d. 1087
Desiderius of Cahors, Saint - Bishop of Cahors, promoted monasticism, d. 655
Desmarets de Saint-Sorlin, Jean - A French dramatist and novelist, born in Paris, 1595, died there, 1676
De Smet, Pierre-Jean - Missionary among the North American Indians, b. at Termonde (Dendermonde), Belgium, 30 Jan., 1801; d. at St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A., 23 May, 1873
Desolation, The Abomination of - Spoken of in St. Matthew, xxiv, 15, and St. Mark, xiii, 14
De Soto, Hernando - Explorer and conqueror, born at Villanueva de la Serena, Badajoz, Spain, 1496 or 1500; died on the banks of the Mississippi the latter part of June, 1542
Despair - The voluntary and complete abandonment of all hope of saving one's soul and of having the means required for that end
Despretz, César-Mansuète - Chemist and physicist, b. at Lessines, Belgium, 11 May, 1798; d. at Paris, 11 May, 1863
Desservants - The name of a class of French parish priests
Desurmont, Achille - Ascetical writer, b. at Tourcoing, France, 23 Dec., 1828; d. 23 July, 1898
Determinism - A name employed by writers, especially since J. Stuart Mill, to denote the philosophical theory which holds, in opposition to the doctrine of free will, that all man's volitions are invariably determined by pre-existing circumstances
Detraction - The unjust damaging of another's good name by the revelation of some fault or crime of which that other is really guilty or at any rate is seriously believed to be guilty by the defamer
Detré, William - French missionary (b. 1668)
Detroit - Diocese established 8 March, 1838. Suffragan of Cincinnati
Deusdedit, Pope Saint - Also known as Pope Adeodatus I, d. 618
Deusdedit, Saint - First Anglo-Saxon Archbishop of Canterbury, d. 664
Deusdedit, Cardinal - Joined the Benedictine Order and became a zealous promoter of ecclesiastical reforms in the latter half of the eleventh century
Deus in Adjutorium Meum Intende - These words form the introductory prayer to every Hour of the Roman, monastic, and Ambrosian Breviaries, except during the last three days of Holy Week, and in the Office of the Dead
Deuteronomy - This term occurs in Deuteronomy 17 and Joshua 8, and is the title of one of the five books of the Pentateuch
Deutinger, Martin - Philosopher and religious writer, b. in Langenpreising, Bavaria, 24 March, 1815; d. at Pfaefers, Switzerland, 9 Sept., 1864
Devas, Charles Stanton - Political economist, b. at Woodside, Old Windsor, England, of Protestant parents, 26 August, 1848; d. 6 November, 1906
De Vere, Aubrey Thomas Hunt - Poet, critic, and essayist, b. at Curragh Chase, County Limerick, Ireland, 10 January, 1814; died there, 21 January, 1902
Devereux, John C. - Irish immigrant to New York (1774-1848)
Devereux, Nicholas - Born near Enniscorthy, Ireland, 7 June, 1791; died at Utica, New York, 29 Dec., 1855, was the youngest brother of John C. Devereux
Devil - The name commonly given to the fallen angels, who are also known as demons. With the article (ho) it denotes Lucifer, their chief, as in Matthew 25:41, 'the Devil and his angels'
Devil Worship - Fathers and theologians explain the matter as, the fallen angels besides tempting and assailing men in other ways have, by working on their fears or exciting their cupidity, brought them to give worship to themselves under the guise of idols
Devil's Advocate - A title given to an officer of the Sacred Congregation of Rites, established in 1587, by Sixtus V, to deal juridically with processes of beatification and canonization
Devolution - The right of an ecclesiastical superior to provide for a benefice, when the ordinary patron or collator has failed to do so, either through negligence or by the nomination of an improper candidate
Devoti, Giovani - Canonist, born at Rome, 11 July, 1744; died there 18 Sept., 1820
Devotions, Popular - Brief explanation of the spiritual practices collectively called 'devotions' or 'popular devotions.'
Deymann, Clementine - Priest and prison chaplain. Born at Klein-Stavern, Oldenburg, Germany, 24 June, 1844; died at Phoenix, Arizona
Deza, Diego - Patron of Columbus (1444-1523)
Dhuoda - Wife of Bernard, Duke of Septimania
Diaconicum - In the Greek Church, the liturgical book specifying the functions of the deacon
Diakovár - See of the Bishop of the united Dioceses of Bosnia or Diakovar and Syrmia
Dialectic - Greek dialektike (techne or methodos), the dialectic art or method, from dialegomai I converse, discuss, dispute; as noun also dialectics; as adjective, dialectical
Diamantina - Located in the north of the state of Minas Geraes, Brazil, South America; created under the Brazilian Empire, 10 Aug., 1853, and confirmed by the Holy See, 6 June, 1854
Diana, Antonino - Moral theologian, born of a noble family at Palermo, Sicily, in 1586; died at Rome, 20 July, 1663
Diano - Diocese and small city in the province of Salermo, Italy; the ancient Tegianum and seat of the Tegyani, a tribe of Lucania
Diario Romano - A booklet published annually at Rome, with papal authorization, giving the routine of feasts and fasts to be observed in Rome and the ecclesiastical functions to be performed in the city
Diarmaid, Saint - Brief biographies of two Irish saints of this name. The first mentioned was Archbishop of Armagh, and died in 851 or 852. The second, St. Diarmaid the Just, was a monastic founder and distinguished writer of the mid-sixth century
Dias, Bartolomeu - A famous Portuguese navigator of the fifteenth century, discoverer of the Cape of Good Hope; died at sea, 29 May, 1500
Diaspora - The name given to the countries (outside of Palestine) through which the Jews were dispersed, and secondarily to the Jews living in those countries
Díaz, Pedro - Missionary, b. at Lupedo, Diocese of Toledo, Spain, in 1546; d. in Mexico, 12 Jan., 1618
Díaz del Castillo, Bernal - Spanish historian, one of the chief chroniclers of the conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards, b. at Medina del Campo, Spain, c. 1498; d. after 1568
Díaz de Solís, Juan - Spanish navigator and explorer, b. about 1470
Dibon - A Latin titular see. The site is mentioned in Scripture, and is near Damascus
Dicastillo, Juan de - Jesuit theologian (1584-1653)
Dicconson, Edward - Titular Bishop of Malla, or Mallus, Vicar Apostolic of the English Northern District; b. 30 Nov., 1670; d. 5 May, 1752
Diceto, Ralph de - Dean of St. Paul's, London, and chronicler
Dichu, Saint - The son of an Ulster chieftain, was the first convert of St. Patrick in Ireland
Dicuil - Irish monk and geographer, b. in the second half of the eighth century; date of death unknown
Didache - A short treatise which was accounted by some of the Fathers as next to Holy Scripture
Didacus, Saint - Franciscan lay brother, d. 1463
Didascalia Apostolorum - A treatise which pretends to have been written by the Apostles at the time of the Council of Jerusalem (Acts, xv), but is really a composition of the third century
Didon, Henri - Preacher, writer, and educator, b. 17 March, 1840, at Touvet (Isere), France; d. 13 March, 1900, at Toulouse
Didot - Preacher, writer, and educator, b. 17 March, 1840, at Touvet (Isere), France; d. 13 March, 1900, at Toulouse
Didron, Adolphe-Napoleon - Also called Didron aine; archaeologist; together with Viollet-le-Duc and Caumont, one of the principal revivers of Christian art in France; b. 13 March, 1806, d. 13 November, 1867
Didymus the Blind - Layman, one of the principal opponents of Arianism. Born about 310-313; died about 395-398
Diego y Moreno, Francisco Garcia - First bishop of California, b. 17 Sept., 1785, at Lagos in the state of Jalisco, Mexico; d. 30 April, 1846, at Santa Barbara
Diekamp, Wilhelm - Historian, b. at Geldern, 13 May, 1854; d. at Rome, 25 Dec., 1885
Diemoth - An old German word for the present 'Demuth', the English 'humility', was the name of a pious recluse at the monastery of Wessobrunn in Upper Bavaria, b. about 1060 of a noble Bavarian or Swabian family; d. 30 March, probably in 1130
Diepenbeeck, Abraham van - An erudite and accomplished painter of the Flemish School, b. at Bois-le-Duc in the Netherlands, 1599; d. at Antwerp, 1675
Diepenbrock, Melchior, Baron von - Cardinal and Prince-Bishop of Breslau, b. 6 January, 1798, at Boeholt in Westphalia; d. at the castle of Johannisberg in Upper Silesia, 20 January, 1853
Dieringer, Franz Xaver - Catholic theologian, b. 22 August, 1811, at Rangeningen (Hohenzollern-Hechingen); d. 8 September, 1876, at Veringendorf
Dies Irae - Name by which the sequence in requiem Masses is commonly known
Dietenberger, Johann - Theologian, b. about 1475 at Frankfort-on-the-Main, d. 4 Sept., 1537, at Mainz
Diether of Isenburg - Archbishop and Elector of Mainz, b. about 1412; d. 7 May, 1482, at Aschaffenburg
Dietrich von Nieheim - Born in the Diocese of Paderborn, between 1338 and 1340; d. at Maastricht, 22 March, 1418, a medieval German historian, best known for his contributions to the history of the Western Schism
Digby, George - Second Earl of Bristol, b. at Madrid, Spam, where his father, the first earl, was ambassador, 1612; d. at Chelsea, England, 1677
Digby, Kenelm Henry - Writer, b. in Ireland, 1800; d. at Kensington, Middlesex, England, 22 March, 1880
Digby, Sir Everard - Born 16 May, 1578, died 30 Jan., 1606. Succeeded in his fourteenth year to large properties in the Counties of Lincoln, Leicester, and Rutland
Digby, Sir Kenelm - Physicist, naval commander and diplomatist, b. at Gayhurst (Goathurst), Buckinghamshire, England, 11 July, 1603; d. in Covent Garden, Westminster, 11 June, 1665
Digne - Diocese comprising the entire department of the Basses Alpes; suffragan of the Archbishopric of Aix
Dignitary, Ecclesiastical - A member of a chapter, cathedral or collegiate, possessed not only of a foremost place, but also of a certain jurisdiction
Dijon - Diocese comprising the entire department of Cote-d'Or and is a suffragan of Lyons
Dillingen, University of - Located in Swabia, a district of Bavaria. Its founder was Cardinal Otto Truchsess von Waldburg, Prince-Bishop of Augsburg (1543-1573)
Dillon, Arthur-Richard - A French prelate, b. at St-Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, 1721; d. in London, 1806
Dimissorial Letters - Letters given by an ecclesiastical superior to his subjects to have effect in territory outside his jurisdiction
Dingley, Ven. Sir Thomas - Martyr, prior of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, found guilty of high treason 28 April, 1539, and beheaded on Tower Hill, 9 July, together with the Blessed Sir Adrian Fortescue
Dinooth, Saint - Founder and first abbot of Bangor on the Dee, fl. 500-542
Diocaesarea - Information on several places by this name
Diocesan Chancery - That branch of administration which handles all written documents used in the official government of a diocese
Diocese - The territory or churches subject to the jurisdiction of a bishop
Diocese (Supplemental List) - Brief details of dioceses that were too new to have articles about them in 1914
Dioclea - A titular see of Phyrgia in Asia Minor
Diocletian - Roman Emperor and persecutor of the Church, b. of parents who had been slaves, at Dioclea, near Salona, in Dalmatia, A.D. 245; d. at Salona, A.D. 313
Diocletianopolis - A titular see of Palaestina Prima
Diodorus of Tarsus - Date of birth uncertain; d. about A.D. 392. He was of noble family, probably of Antioch. St. Basil calls him a 'nursling' of Silvanus, Bishop of Tarsus, but whether this discipleship was at Antioch or at Tarsus is not known
Diognetus, Epistle to - An apology for Christianity cited by no ancient or medieval writer, and came from a single manuscript which perished in the siege of Strasburg (1870)
Dionysias - A titular see in Arabia
Dionysius, Pope Saint - Elected towards the end of a wave of persecution. Dionysius opposed the errors of the Sabellians and Marcionites, and died in 268
Dionysius, Saint - Bishop of Corinth about 170
Dionysius Exiguus - According to his friend and fellow-student, Cassiodorus, though by birth a Scythian, he was in character a true Roman and thorough Catholic, most learned in both tongues i.e., Greek and Latin, and an accomplished scripturist
Dionysius of Alexandria - Also called Dionysius the Great. Bishop, d. 264 or 265
Dionysius the Pseudo-Areopagite - Article on the identity of the mysterious Pseudo-Areopagite, his writings, and their influence
Dioscorus - Antipope (d. 530)
Dioscorus - Fifth-century Bishop of Alexandria
Diplomatics, Papal - The word diplomatics denotes in English the science of ancient official documents, more especially of those emanating from the chanceries of popes, kings, emperors, and other authorities possessing a recognized jurisdiction
Diptych - A sort of notebook, formed by the union of two tablets, placed one upon the other and united by rings or by a hinge
Direction, Spiritual - Personal guidance according to individual needs. Criticizes excesses at both ends of the spectrum: heavyhanded directors, and people who think that since they have the Holy Spirit they have no need of human help
Directories, Catholic - Directorium simply means guide, but in the later Middle Ages it came to be specially applied to guides for the recitation of Office and Mass
Discalced - A term applied to those religious congregations of men and women, the members of which go entirely unshod or wear sandals, with or without other covering for the feet
Discernment of Spirits - In the restricted sense, spirits indicate the various spiritual agents which, by their suggestions and movements, may influence the moral value of our acts
Disciple - This term is commonly applied to one who is learning any art or science from one distinguished by his accomplishments
Disciples of Christ - A sect founded in the United States of America by Alexander Campbell
Discipline, Ecclesiastical - Various meanings discussed
Discipline of the Secret - A theological term used to express the custom which prevailed in the earliest ages of the Church, by which the knowledge of the more intimate mysteries of the Christian religion was carefully kept from the heathen and even from those who were undergoing instruction in the Faith
Discussions, Religious - Oral dialectical duels, more or less formal and public, between champions of divergent religious beliefs
Disibod, Saint - Irish-born abbot and bishop, d. 700
Disparity of Cult - A diriment impediment introduced by the Church to safeguard the sanctity of the Sacrament of Marriage
Disparity of Worship - A diriment impediment introduced by the Church to safeguard the sanctity of the Sacrament of Marriage
Dispensation - An act whereby in a particular case a lawful superior grants relaxation from an existing law
Dispersion of the Apostles - A feast in commemoration of the missionary work of the Twelve Apostles
Dissen, Heinrich von - Carthusian monk (1415-1484)
Dissentis, Abbey of - Benedictine monastery in Switzerland
Distraction - Distraction (Lat. distrahere, to draw away, hence to distract) is here considered in so far as it is wont to happen in time of prayer and in administering the sacraments
Distributions - Canonically termed disturbtiones quotidianae, are certain portions of the revenue of a church, distributed to the canons present at Divine service
Dithmar - Bishop of Merseburg and medieval chronicler, b. 25 July, 975; d. 1 Dec., 1018
Dives - Latin for rich. The word is not used in the Bible as a proper noun; but in the Middle Ages it came to be employed as the name of the rich man in the parable of the rich man and Lazarus, Luke 16:19-31
Divination - The seeking after knowledge of future or hidden things by inadequate means
Divine Attributes - In order to form a more systematic idea of God, and as far as possible, to unfold the implications of the truth, God is All-Perfect, this infinite Perfection is viewed, successively, under various aspects, each of which is treated as a separate perfection and characteristic inherent to the Divine Substance, or Essence. A certain group of these, of paramount import, is called the Divine Attributes
Divine Charity, Society of - Founded at Maria-Martental near Kaisersesch, in 1903 by Josepth Tallmanns
Divine Charity, Sisters of - Founded at Besancon, in 1799, by a Vincentian Sister, and modelled on the Sisters of Mercy of St. Vincent de Paul
Divine Charity, Daughters of - Founded at Vienna, 21 November, 1868, by Franziska Lechner (d. 1894) on the Rule of St. Augustine, and approved by the Holy See in 1884 and definitively confirmed 22 July, 1891
Divine Compassion, Institute of the - Founded in the city of New York, USA, by the Rt. Rev. Thomas Stanislaus Preston
Divine Nature and Attributes, The - Covered as natural reason and faith
Divine Office - Brief essay on the historical development of the Liturgy of the Hours
Divine Providence, Sisters of - Includes several orders by this name
Divine Redeemer, Daughters of the - Motherhouse at Oedenburg, Hungary; founded in 1863 from the Daughters of the Divine Saviour of Vienna
Divine Savior, Society of the - Founded at Rome, 8 Dec., 1881, by Johann Baptist Jordan (b. 1848 at Gartweil im Breisgau), elected superior general as Father Francis Mary of the Cross
Divine Word, Society of the - The first German Catholic missionary society established. It was founded in 1875 during the period of the Kulturkampf at Steyl, near Tegelen, Holland, by a priest, Rev. Arnold Janssen (d. 15 January, 1909), for the propagation of the Catholic religion among pagan nations
Divisch, Procopius - Premonstratensian, b. at Senftenberg, Bohemia, 26 March, 1698; d. at Prenditz, Moravia, 21 December, 1765
Divorce (in Moral Theology) - The subject is treated here under two distinct heads: First, divorce in moral theology; second, divorce in civil jurisprudence
Divorce (in Civil Jurisprudence) - Defined in jurisprudence as 'the dissolution or partial suspension by law of the marriage relation'
Dixon, Joseph - Archbishop of Armagh, Ireland, born at Coalisland, Co. Tyrone, in 1806; died at Armagh, 29 April, 1866
Dlugosz, Jan - Short biography of Krakow's and Poland's preeminent medieval historian
Dobmayer, Marian - Benedictine theologian, born 24 October, 1753, at Schwandorf, Bavaria; died 21 December, 1805
Dobrizhoffer, Martin - Missionary, b. in Graz, Styria, 7 Sept., 1717; d. in Vienna, 17 July 1791
Docetæ - Docetism, from the Greek 'dokeo' (to seem, to appear) was the contention that Christ merely seemed to be human and only appeared to be born, to suffer, and to die. Already in New Testament times, the Gospel of John opposes Docetism, and so do Ignatius, Irenaeus, and other Fathers
Docimium - A titular see of Phrygia in Asia Minor
Doctor - The title of an authorized teacher
Doctors, Surnames of Famous - Lists the principal surnames with the dates of death
Doctors of the Church - Certain ecclesiastical writers have received this title on account of the great advantage the whole Church has derived from their doctrine
Doctrine, Christian - The word katechesis means instruction by word of mouth, especially by questioning and answering. The Apostle insists upon 'doctrine' as one of the most important duties of a bishop
Doctrine of Addai - Syriac document which relates the conversion of Edessa
Dogma - Signifies, in the writings of the ancient classical authors, sometimes, an opinion or that which seems true to a person; sometimes, the philosophical doctrines or tenets, and especially the distinctive philosophical doctrines, of a particular school of philosophers, and sometimes, a public decree or ordinance, as dogma poieisthai
Dogmatic Fact - Any fact connected with a dogma and on which the application of the dogma to a particular case depends
Dogmatic Theology - That part of theology which treats of the theoretical truths of faith concerning God and His works
Dogmatic Theology, History of - Detailed article broken into time periods
Dolbeau, Jean - Recollect friar, born in the Province of Anjou, France, 12 March, 1586; died at Orleans, 9 June, 1652
Dolci, Carlo - Painter, born in Florence, Italy, 25 May, 1616; died 17 January, 1686
Doliche - A titular see of Commagene (Augusto-Euphratesia)
Döllinger, Johann Joseph Ignaz von - Historian and theologian (1799-1890)
Dolman, Charles - Publisher and bookseller, b. at Monmouth, England, 20 Sept., 1807; d. in Paris, 31 December, 1863
Dolores Mission - Or Mission San Francisco De Asis De Los Dolores
Dolphin - The use of the dolphin as a Christian symbol is connected with the general ideas underlying the more general use of the fish. The particular idea is that of swiftness and celerity symbolizing the desire with which Christians, who are thus represented as being sharers in the nature of Christ the true Fish, should seek after the knowledge of Christ
Dome - An architectural term often used synonymously with cupola
Domenech, Emmanuel-Henri-Dieudonne - Abbe, missionary and author, b. at Lyons, France, 4 November, 1826; d. in France, June, 1886
Domenechino - Italian painter (1581-1641)
Domesday Book - The name given to the record of the great survey of England made by order of William the Conqueror in 1085-86
Domicile - The canon law has no independent and original theory of domicile; both the canon law and all modern civil codes borrowed this theory from the Roman law; the canon law, however, extended and perfected the Roman theory by adding thereto that of quasi-domicile
Dominic, Saint - Biography of the founder of the Order of Preachers, d. 1221
Dominical Letter - A device adopted from the Romans by the old chronologers to aid them in finding the day of the week corresponding to any given date, and indirectly to facilitate the adjustment of the 'Proprium de Tempore' to the 'Proprium Sanctorum' when constructing the ecclesiastical calendar for any year
Dominican Republic - The eastern, and much larger political division of the island now comprehensively known as Haiti, which is the second in size of the Greater Antilles
Dominic of Prussia - A Carthusian monk and ascetical writer, born in Poland, 1382; died at the monastery of St. Alban near Trier, 1461
Dominic of the Mother of God - A member of the Passionist Congregation and theologian, b. near Viterbo, Italy, 22 June, 1792; d. near Reading, England, 27 August, 1849
Dominicans - An extensive article about several branches of the Dominicans, including their history
Dominici, Blessed Giovanni - Biography of the Dominican preacher and writer
Dominis, Marco Antonio de - Dalmatian ecclesiastic, apostate, and man of science, b. on the island of Arbe, off the coast of Dalmatia, in 1566; d. in the Castle of Sant' Angelo, Rome, September, 1624
Dominus Vobiscum - An ancient form of devout salutation, incorporated in the liturgy of the Church, where it is employed as a prelude to certain formal prayers
Domitian - Roman emperor and persecutor of the Church, son of Vespasian and younger brother and successor of the Emperor Titus; b. 24 Oct., A.D. 51, and reigned from 81 to 96
Domitilla and Pancratius, Nereus and Achilleus, Saints - Roman martyrs who shared a feast day on 12 May
Domitiopolis - A titular see of Isauria in Asia Minor
Domnus Apostolicus - A title applied to the pope, which was in most frequent use between the sixth and the eleventh centuries
Don Bosco - Commonly called Don Bosco or John Bosco. Founder of the Salesians, d. 1888
Donahoe, Patrick - Publisher, born at Munnery, County Cavan, Ireland, 17 March, 1811; died at Boston, U.S.A., 18 March, 1901
Donatello Di Betto Bardi - One of the great Tuscan sculptors of the Renaissance, born at Florence, c. 1386; died there, 13 Dec., 1466
Donation (in Canon Law) - The gratuitous transfer to another of some right or thing
Donation (in Civil Law) - The gratuitous transfer, or gift, of ownership of property
Donation of Constantine - By this name is understood, since the end of the Middle Ages, a forged document of Emperor Constantine the Great, by which large privileges and rich possessions were conferred on the pope and the Roman Church
Donatists - The Donatist schism in Africa began in 311 and flourished just one hundred years, until the conference at Carthage in 411, after which its importance waned
Donatus of Fiesole - Irish teacher and poet, Bishop of Fiesole, about 829-876
Donders, Peter - Missionary among the lepers, b. at Tilburg in Holland, 27 Oct., 1807; d. 14 Jan., 1887
Dongan, Thomas - Second Earl of Limerick, b. 1634, at Castletown Kildrought, now Celbridge, County Kildare, Ireland; d. at London, 1715
Donlevy, Andrew - Educator, b. in 1694, probably in Sligo, Ireland; date and place of death uncertain
Donnan, Saint - Three or possibly four Irish saints of this name lived in the sixth and seventh centuries
Donner, Georg Raphael - Austrian sculptor, b. at Essling, Austria, 25 May, 1692; d. at Vienna, 15 February, 1741
Donnet, Ferdinand-François-Auguste - A French cardinal, b. at Bourg-Argental (Loire), 1795; d. at Bordeaux, 1882
Donoso Cortés, Juan Francesco Maria de la Saludad - Primarily biographical article by Conde B. Pallen on the Spanish thinker
Donus, Pope - Son of a Roman called Mauricius; he was consecrated Bishop of Rome 2 Nov., 676, to succeed Adeodatus II, after an interval of four months and seventeen days; d. 11 April, 678
Doorkeeper - A minor order also called "doorkeeper"
Dora - A titular see of Palestina Prima
Dorchester, Abbey of - Founded in 1140 by Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln
Doré, Pierre - Controversialist, b. at Orleans about 1500; d. at Paris, 19 May, 1559
Doria, Andrea - Genoese admiral and statesman, b. at Oneglia, Italy, 1468; d. at Genoa, 1560
Döring, Matthias - Historian and theologian, b. between 1390 and 1400, at Kyritz, in Brandenburg; d. there 24 July, 1469
Dorman, Thomas - Theologian, b. at Berkhampstead, Hertfordshire, England, date uncertain; d. at Tournai, 1572 or 1577
Dornin, Bernard - First publisher in the United States of distinctively Catholic books, b. in Ireland, 1761; d. in Ohio, 1836
Dorothea, Saint - Brief hagiographies of two saints of this name: St. Dorothea, virgin and martyr, d. at Caesarea; and St. Dorothea of Montau
Dorsey, Anne Hanson - Novelist, born at Georgetown, District of Columbia, U.S.A., 1815; died at Washington, 26 December, 1896
Dorylaeum - A titular see of Phrygia Salutaris, in Asia Minor
Dositheans - Followers of Dositheus, a Samaritan who formed a Gnostic-Judaistic sect, previous to Simon Magus
Dosquet, Pierre-Herman - Fourth Bishop of Quebec, b. at Liege, Flanders, 1691; d. at Paris, 1777
Dossi, Giovanni - An Italian painter, b. about 1479; d. at Ferrara in 1542
Dotti, Blessed Andrea - Servite priest, miracle worker, d. 1315
Douai - The town of Douai, in the department of Nord, France, is on the River Scarpe, some twenty miles south of Lille
Douay Bible - The original Douay Version, which is the foundation on which nearly all English Catholic versions are still based, owed its existence to the religious controversies of the sixteenth century
Double Altar - An altar having a double front constructed in such a manner that Mass may be celebrated on both sides of it at the same time
Double Monasteries - Religious houses comprising communities of both men and women, dwelling in contiguous establishments, united under the rule of one superior, and using one church in common for their liturgical offices
Doubt - A state in which the mind is suspended between two contradictory propositions and unable to assent to either of them
Douglas, Gavin - Scottish prelate and poet, born about 1474; died 1522
Doutreleau, Stephen - Missionary, born in France, 11 October, 1693; date of death uncertain
Dove - In Christian antiquity the dove appears as a symbol and as a Eucharistic vessel
Dowdall, George - Archbishop of Armagh, b. at Drogheda, County Louth, Ireland, in 1487; d. at London, 15 August, 1558
Dowdall, James - Martyr, date of birth unknown; executed for his faith at Exeter, England, 20 September, 1600
Dower - A provision for support during life accorded by law to a wife surviving her husband
Dower, Religious - Because of its analogy with the dower that a woman brings to her husband when she marries, the name 'religious dower' has been given to the sum of money or the property that a religious woman, or nun (religiosa) brings, for her maintenance, into the convent where she desires to make her profession
Down and Connor - A line drawn from Whitehouse on Belfast Lough due west to the Clady River, thence by the river itself to Muckamore and Lough Neagh, marks the boundary between the Diocese of Down and the Diocese of Connor
Downside Abbey - Near Bath, Somersetshire, England, was founded at Douai, Flanders, under the patronage of St. Gregory the Great, in 1605 by the Venerable John Roberts
Doxology - The doxology in the form in which we know it has been used since about the seventh century all over Western Christendom, except in one corner
Doyle, James Warren - Irish bishop; b. near New Ross, County Wexford, Ireland, 1786; d. at Carlow, 1834
Doyle, John - Born in Dublin, Ireland, 1797; died in London, 2 January, 1868; English portrait-painter and caricaturist
Doyle, Richard - English artist and caricaturist, b. in London, September, 1824; d. there 11 December, 1883
Drach, David Paul - Convert from Judaism, b. at Strasburg, 6 March, 1791; d. end of January, 1868, at Rome
Drachma - A Greek silver coin
Dracontius, Blossius Æmilius - A Christian poet of the fifth century
Drane, Augusta Theodosia - In religion Mother Francis Raphael; b. At Bromley near London, in 1823; d. at Stone, Staffordshire, 19 April, 1894
Dreams, Interpretation of - Theologians continue to admit the possibility of dreams supernatural in their origin, and consequently the possibility of dream-interpretation depending on supernatural communications
Drechsel, Jeremias - Ascetic writer, b. at Augsburg, 15 August, 1581; entered the Society of Jesus 27 July, 1598; d. at Munich, 19 April, 1638
Dresden - The capital of the Kingdom of Saxony and the residence of the royal family, is situated on both sides of the Elbe
Dreves, Lebrecht Blücher - Poet, b. at Hamburg, Germany, 12 September, 1816; d. at Feldkirch, 19 Dec., 1870
Drevet Family, The - Leading portrait engravers of France for over a hundred years, beginning with Pierre, and sustained by his son, Pierre-Imbert, and by his nephew, Claude
Drexel, Francis Anthony - Banker, b. at Philadelphia, U.S.A., 20 June, 1824; d. there 15 Feb., 1885
Drexel, Jeremias - Ascetic writer, b. at Augsburg, 15 August, 1581; entered the Society of Jesus 27 July, 1598; d. at Munich, 19 April, 1638
Drey, Johann Sebastian von - A professor of theology at the University of Tübingen (1777-1853)
Dromore - Suffragan of Armagh, Ireland
Drostan, Saint - Scottish abbot and later hermit, fl. about 600. Also known as St. Drustan, Dustan, or Throstan
Droste-Vischering, Clemens August von - Archbishop of Cologne, born 21 Jan., 1773, at Muenster, Germany; died 19 Oct., 1845, in the same city
Druidism - Probably the best-substantiated derivation of the word is from the root vid, 'to know', and the intensive prefix dru. According to this etymology, the druids would be the 'very wise and learned ones'
Druillettes, Gabriel - Missionary, b. in France, 29 September, 1610; d. at Quebec, 8 April, 1681
Drumgoole, John C. - Priest and philanthropist, b. at Granard, Co. Longford, Ireland, 15 August, 1816; d. in New York, 28 March, 1888
Drury, Robert - Biographical portrait of the English priest, martyred at Tyburn in February 1606 or 1607
Drusilla - Daughter of Herod Agrippa I
Drusipara - A titular see in Thracia Prima
Druys, Jean - Thirtieth Abbot of Parc near Louvain, Belgium, b. at Cumptich, near Tirlemont; d. 25 March, 1635
Druzbicki, Gaspar - Ascetic writer, b. at Sierady in Poland, 1589; entered the Society of Jesus, 20 August 1609; d. at Posen, 2 April, 1662
Druzes - Small Mohammedan sect in Syria, notorious for their opposition to the Marionites, a Catholic people dwelling on the slopes of the Lebanon
Dryburgh Abbey - A monastery belonging to the canons of the Premonstratensian Order (Norbertine or White Canons), situated four miles south-east of Melrose, Scotland
Dryden, John - Introductory biography of the poet and dramatist
Dualism - Denotes the religious or theological system which would explain the universe as the outcome of two eternally opposed and coexisting principles
Dublin - Archdiocese; occupies about sixty miles of the middle eastern coast of Ireland, and penetrates inland, about forty-six miles, including all the County of Dublin, nearly all of Wicklow, and parts of Kildare and Wexford, with three suffragans: Kildare and Leighlin, Ferns, and Ossory
Dubois, Guillaume - A French cardinal and statesman, born at Brive, in Limousin, 1656; died at Versailles, 1723
Dubois, Jean-Antoine - French missionary in India, b. in 1765 at St. Remeze (Ardeche); d. in Paris, 17 Feb., 1848
Dubois, John - Third Bishop of New York, educator and missionary, b. in Paris, 24 August, 1764; d. in New York, 20 December, 1842
Dubourg, Louis-Guillaume-Valentin - Second Bishop of Louisiana and the Floridas, Bishop of Montauban, Archbishop of Besancon (1766-1833)
Dubric, Saint - Welsh bishop and confessor, d. 612. Also called St. Dubricius or Dyfrig
Dubuque - Archdiocese established, 28 July, 1837, created an archbishopric, 1893, comprises that part of Iowa, U.S.A., north of Polk, Jasper, Poweshiek, Iowa, Johnson, Cedar, and Scott, and east of Kossuth, Humboldt, Webster, and Boone Counties
Duc, Fronton du - A French theologian and Jesuit, b. at Bordeaux in 1558; d. at Paris, 25 September, 1624
Du Cange, Charles Dufresne - Historian and philologist, b. at Amiens, France, 18 Dec., 1610; d. at Paris, 1688
Duccio di Buoninsegna - Painter, and founder of the Sienese School, b. about 1255 or 1260, place not known; d. 3 August, 1319
Duchesne, Philippine-Rose - Admiring biographical essay
Duckett, Ven. James - Convert to Catholicism, publisher and bookseller, martyred in 1601
Du Coudray, Philippe-Charles-Jean-Baptiste-Tronson - Soldier, b. at Reims, France, 8 September, 1738; d. at Philadelphia, U.S.A., 11 September, 1777
Duckett, John, Venerable - Biographical sketch of the English priest and martyr
Ducrue, Francis Bennon - Missionary in Mexico, b. at Munich, Bavaria. of French parents, 10 June 1721; d. there 30 March, 1779
Dudik, Beda Franciscus - Moravian historian, b. at Kojetein near Kremsier, Moravia, 29 January, 1815; d. as abbot and titular bishop at the monastery of Raigern, 18 January, 1890
Duel - This word, as used both in the ecclesiastical and civil criminal codes, generally signifies every contest with deadly weapons which takes place by agreement between two persons on account of some private quarrel
Duffy, Sir Charles Gavan - Politician and author, b. at Monaghan, Ireland, 12 April, 1816; d. at Nice, France, 9 Feb., 1903
Duhamel, Jean-Baptiste - A French scientist, philosopher, and theologian, b. at Vire, Normandy, 11 June, 1624; d. at Paris, 6 August, 1706
Du Lhut Daniel Greysolon, Sieur - Born at Saint-Germain-en-Laye about 1640; died at Montreal, 26 Feb., 1710. He first served in the French army, becoming a lieutenant in 1657 and a gendarme of the King's Guard in 1664
Dulia - A theological term signifying the honour paid to the saints, while latria means worship given to God alone, and hyperdulia the veneration offered to the Blessed Virgin Mary
Duluth - Diocese, established 3 Oct., 1889, suffragan of the Archdiocese of St. Paul
Dumas, Jean-Baptiste - French chemist and senator, b. at Alais, department of Gard, 14 July, 1800; d. at Cannes, 10 April, 1884
Dumetz, Francisco - Date of birth unknown; died 14 Jan., 1811. He was a native of Mallorca (Majorca), Spain, where he entered the Franciscan Order
Dumont, Hubert-André - Belgian geologist, b. at Liege, 15 Feb., 1809; d. in the same city, 28 Feb., 1857
Dumoulin, Charles - French jurist, b. at Paris in 1500; d. there 27 December, 1566
Dunbar, William - Scottish poet, sometimes styled the 'Chaucer of Scotland', born c. 1460
Dunchadh, Saint - Abbot of Iona, confessor, d. 717. Also known as St. Dunichad, Duncad, or Donatus
Dundrennan, Abbey of - In Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland; a Cistercian house founded in 1142 by King David I and Fergus Lord of Galloway for monks brought from Rievaulx in Yorkshire
Dunedin - Diocese comprises the provincial district of Otago (including the Otago part, Southland, and Stewart Island, as well as other adjacent islands)
Dunfermline, Abbey of - In the south-west of Fife, Scotland. Founded by King Malcolm Canmore and his queen, Margaret, about 1070, it was richly endowed by him and his sons, and remodelled as a Benedictine abbey by his successor, David I, who brought an abbot and twelve monks from Canterbury
Dungal - Irish monk, teacher, astronomer, and poet who flourished about 820
Dunin, Martin von - Archbishop of Gnesen and Posen, born 11 Nov., 1774, in the village of Wat near the city of Rawa, Poland; died 26 Dec., 1842
Dunkeld - Located in Scotland, constituted, as far back as the middle of the ninth century, the primatial see of the Columban Church by King Kenneth Mac Alpine, who rebuilt there the church and monastery founded by King Constantine (afterwards destroyed by the Danes), and translated thither St. Columba's relics
Dunkers - A Protestant sect thus named from its distinctive baptismal rite
Duns Scotus, Blessed John - Called 'Doctor Subtilis,' Franciscan, philosopher, d. 1308
Dunstan, Saint - Long biographical essay on this tenth-century Anglo-Saxon archbishop and confessor
Dupanloup, Félix-Antoine-Philibert - Bishop of Orleans, France, b. at Saint-Felix; Savoie, 2 June, 1802; d. at Lacombe, Isere, 11 October, 1878
Duperron, Jacques-Davy - A theologian and diplomat, born 25 Nov., 1556, at St-Lo (Normandy), France; died 5 Sept., 1618
Dupin, Louis Ellies - A theologian, born 17 June, 1657, of a noble family in Normandy; died 6 June, 1719
Dupin, Pierre-Charles-François - French mathematician and economist (1784-1873)
Duponceau, Peter Stephen - Jurist and linguist (1760-1844)
Duprat, Antoine & Guillaume - Antoine, chancellor of France and Cardinal, b. at Issoire in Auvergne, 17 January, 1463; d. 1535. Guillaume, son of the foregoing, b. at Issoire, 1507; d. at Beauregard, 1560. Appointed Bishop of Clermont in 1529
Dupré, Giovanni - Sculptor (1817-1882)
Dupuytren, Baron Guillaume - French anatomist and surgeon (1777-1835)
Duquesnoy, François - Sculptor (1594-1646)
Duran, Narcisco - Franciscan missionary (1776-1846)
Durand Ursin - Benedictine (1682-1771)
Durandus, William - Canonist and writer (1237-1296)
Durandus, William, the Younger - Died 1328, canonist, nephew of the famous ritualist and canonist of the same name
Durandus of Saint-Pourçain - Philosopher and theologian (d. 1332)
Durandus of Troarn - French Benedictine and ecclesiastical writer, b. about 1012, at Le Neubourg near Evreux; d. 1089
Durango - Archdiocese located in north-western Mexico
Durazzo - Archdiocese in Albania
Durbin, Elisha John - The 'Patriarch-priest of Kentucky', born 1 February, 1800; died in 1887
Dürer, Albrecht - German artist (1471-1528)
Durham - Ancient Catholic Diocese of Durham. Owing to its geographical position on the Scottish border, the successive bishops were led to assume constitutional and political functions in addition to their spiritual office
Durham Rite - The earliest document giving an account of liturgical services in the Diocese of Durham is the so-called 'Rituale ecclesiae Dunelmensis'
Durrow, School of - Irish Dairmagh, Plain of the Oaks. Situated in the King's County, a few miles from the town of Tullamore
Duty - The definition of the term duty given by lexicographers is: 'something that is due', 'obligatory service'; 'something that one is bound to perform or to avoid'
Duvergier de Hauranne, Jean - One of the authors of Jansenism, b. at Bayonne, France, 1581; d. in Paris, 1643
Duvernay, Ludger - A French-Canadian journalist and patriot, born at Vercheres, Quebec, 22 January, 1799; died 28 November, 1852
Dwight, Thomas - American anatomist (1843-1911)
Dyck, Antoon (Anthonis) Van - Flemish portrait-painter, b. at Antwerp, 22 March, 1599; d. in London, 9 December, 1641
Dymoke, Robert - Confessor of the Faith, date of birth uncertain; d. at Lincoln, England, 11 Sept., 1580
Dymphna, Saint - Virgin and martyr, venerated since at least the thirteenth century
Dynamism - A general name for a group of philosophical views concerning the nature of matter
Copyright © 2009 by Kevin Knight. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

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