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Henri Raymond Casgrain

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Author of some of the best works in French Canadian literature, b. at Riviere Ouelle, 16 September, 1831; d. at Quebec, 2 February, 1904. His father, a proprietor of the old feudal regime who had been a member of the Canadian ministry, gave him a careful education at the College of Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatiere. Having finished his classics he studied medicine, but became a priest in 1856. For several years he discharged his clerical duties at Beauport and Quebec, until poor health and a serious affection of the eyes compelled him to retire; thenceforth he was free to devote himself entirely to literary pursuits. He first wrote tales, such as, "Le tableau de la riviere Ouelle", "La jongleuse", Les pionniers canadiens", for periodicals, his work appearing, 1860-68, in the "Soirées canadiennes et foyer canadien". In these narratives, which were well received, he depicted the life and customs of the early colonists of Canada. He has also left several biographies of Canadian writers, including lives of de Gaspé, Garneau, Crémazie, Chauveau. Casgrain's instinct for research led him to devote himself almost exclusively to history. His historical works include: "Histoire de la Mere Marie de l'Incarnation" (1864); "Histoire de l'Hôtel-Dieu de Québec" (1878); "Une paroisse canadienne au XVIIe siecle"; "Pelerinage au pays d'Evangéline" (1855); "Montcalm et Lévis" (1891); "Une seconde Acadie" (1894); "Histoire de l'asile du Bon-Pasture de Québec" (1890); "Les sulpiciens et les prêtres des Missions étrangers en Acadie" (1897); not to mention numerous monographs, archæological studies, and letters of travel written for the press. Ill-health compelled him to spend a long time in Europe, and he turned necessity to profit by making researches in the archives of France; thus he gathered many valuable documents for he history of his own country. Under his direction the Government of Quebec published (188-1895) the collection known under the name of "Documents de Lévis", dealing with the last wars between the French and English in Canada, which he had secured from the family of this name. He also collected and published the works of Crémazie, the national poet of the French Canadians, under the title: "uvres de Crémazie" (1882). Some of Casgrain's writings have been crowned by the French Academy. He was professor of history at Laval University, and president of the Royal Society of Canada (1889-1890). As historian, poet, and literary critic Casgrain has exercised considerable influence upon the intellectual movement in Canada, and has accomplished much in making his country known. Although almost blind he was gifted with remarkable fecundity. That he had read in his youth many of the works of Romantic school is betrayed by a style inclined to over-elaboration, but his diction grew purer as time went on. His literary judgments are not always accurate, and his appreciations of historical events are sometimes at fault. It has been said that he was better fitted to write tales than history. However, everything considered, his work, as a whole, has real worth. Above all he was a patriot; his one thought was to increase the fame of his country. Casgrain's outlook is somewhat restricted, but his flights of fancy are frequently beautiful, and he is always interesting. He left unedited memoirs, which were bequeathed, together with his manuscripts and a part of his fortune, to Laval University.


ROUTHIER, Eloge historique de M. H. R. Casgrain in Royal Society Transactions, new ser., X, 35; also Presidential Address, 1st ser., VIII, and Bibliography, XII; LAFLAMME, L'abbé Henri Raymond Casgrain in Annuaire de l'université de Laval (1904-05), XLVIII, 174; CAMILLE ROY, L'abbé Casgrain in La Nouvelle-France (1904), III, 257, 408, 511. For criticism see KERALLAIN, La jeunesse de Bougainville (Paris, 1896); ROCHEMONTEIX, Les Jesuites et la Nouvelle-France au XVIIIe siecle, II, 268.

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APA citation. Roy, J.E. (1908). Henri Raymond Casgrain. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

MLA citation. Roy, Joseph Edmond. "Henri Raymond Casgrain." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 3. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. <>.

Transcription. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Ted Rego.

Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. November 1, 1908. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York.

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