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Exodus 16

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1 ἀπῆραν δὲ ἐξ Αιλιμ καὶ ἤλθοσαν πᾶσα συναγωγὴ υἱῶν Ισραηλ εἰς τὴν ἔρημον Σιν ὅ ἐστιν ἀνὰ μέσον Αιλιμ καὶ ἀνὰ μέσον Σινα τῇ δὲ πεντεκαιδεκάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ τῷ μηνὶ τῷ δευτέρῳ ἐξεληλυθότων αὐτῶν ἐκ γῆς Αἰγύπτου 2 διεγόγγυζεν πᾶσα συναγωγὴ υἱῶν Ισραηλ ἐπὶ Μωυσῆν καὶ Ααρων 3 καὶ εἶπαν πρὸς αὐτοὺς οἱ υἱοὶ Ισραηλ ὄφελον ἀπεθάνομεν πληγέντες ὑπὸ κυρίου ἐν γῇ Αἰγύπτῳ ὅταν ἐκαθίσαμεν ἐπὶ τῶν λεβήτων τῶν κρεῶν καὶ ἠσθίομεν ἄρτους εἰς πλησμονήν ὅτι ἐξηγάγετε ἡμᾶς εἰς τὴν ἔρημον ταύτην ἀποκτεῖναι πᾶσαν τὴν συναγωγὴν ταύτην ἐν λιμῷ 4 εἶπεν δὲ κύριος πρὸς Μωυσῆν ἰδοὺ ἐγὼ ὕω ὑμῖν ἄρτους ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ καὶ ἐξελεύσεται ὁ λαὸς καὶ συλλέξουσιν τὸ τῆς ἡμέρας εἰς ἡμέραν ὅπως πειράσω αὐτοὺς εἰ πορεύσονται τῷ νόμῳ μου ἢ οὔ 5 καὶ ἔσται τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ ἕκτῃ καὶ ἑτοιμάσουσιν ὃ ἐὰν εἰσενέγκωσιν καὶ ἔσται διπλοῦν ὃ ἐὰν συναγάγωσιν τὸ κα{Q'} ἡμέραν εἰς ἡμέραν 1 Then, leaving Elim, the Israelite people marched to the desert of Sin, between Elim and Sinai. It was now the fifteenth day of the second month since they had left Egypt, 2 and the Israelites, one and all, there in the desert, were loud in their complaints against Moses and Aaron. 3 It would have been better, they told them, if the Lord had struck us dead in the land of Egypt, where we sat down to bowls of meat, and had more bread than we needed to content us. Was it well done to bring us out into this desert, and starve our whole company to death? 4 But the Lord said to Moses, I mean to rain down bread upon you from heaven. It will be for the people to go out and gather enough for their needs day by day; and so I shall have a test, whether they are ready to follow my orders or not. 5 Only when the sixth day comes must they lay in a store twice as large as they gathered on any of the others. 1 Profectique sunt de Elim, et venit omnis multitudo filiorum Israël in desertum Sin, quod est inter Elim et Sinai, quintodecimo die mensis secundi, postquam egressi sunt de terra Ægypti. 2 Et murmuravit omnis congregatio filiorum Israël contra Moysen et Aaron in solitudine. 3 Dixeruntque filii Israël ad eos: Utinam mortui essemus per manum Domini in terra Ægypti, quando sedebamus super ollas carnium, et comedebamus panem in saturitate: cur eduxistis nos in desertum istud, ut occideretis omnem multitudinem fame? 4 Dixit autem Dominus ad Moysen: Ecce ego pluam vobis panes de cælo: egrediatur populus, et colligat quæ sufficiunt per singulos dies: ut tentem eum utrum ambulet in lege mea, an non. 5 Die autem sexto parent quod inferant: et sit duplum quam colligere solebant per singulos dies.
6 καὶ εἶπεν Μωυσῆς καὶ Ααρων πρὸς πᾶσαν συναγωγὴν υἱῶν Ισραηλ ἑσπέρας γνώσεσθε ὅτι κύριος ἐξήγαγεν ὑμᾶς ἐκ γῆς Αἰγύπτου 7 καὶ πρωὶ ὄψεσθε τὴν δόξαν κυρίου ἐν τῷ εἰσακοῦσαι τὸν γογγυσμὸν ὑμῶν ἐπὶ τῷ θεῷ ἡμεῖς δὲ τί ἐσμεν ὅτι διαγογγύζετε κα{Q'} ἡμῶν 8 καὶ εἶπεν Μωυσῆς ἐν τῷ διδόναι κύριον ὑμῖν ἑσπέρας κρέα φαγεῖν καὶ ἄρτους τὸ πρωὶ εἰς πλησμονὴν διὰ τὸ εἰσακοῦσαι κύριον τὸν γογγυσμὸν ὑμῶν ὃν ὑμεῖς διαγογγύζετε κα{Q'} ἡμῶν ἡμεῖς δὲ τί ἐσμεν οὐ γὰρ κα{Q'} ἡμῶν ὁ γογγυσμὸς ὑμῶν ἐστιν ἀλ{L'} ἢ κατὰ τοῦ θεοῦ 9 εἶπεν δὲ Μωυσῆς πρὸς Ααρων εἰπὸν πάσῃ συναγωγῇ υἱῶν Ισραηλ προσέλθατε ἐναντίον τοῦ θεοῦ εἰσακήκοεν γὰρ ὑμῶν τὸν γογγυσμόν 10 ἡνίκα δὲ ἐλάλει Ααρων πάσῃ συναγωγῇ υἱῶν Ισραηλ καὶ ἐπεστράφησαν εἰς τὴν ἔρημον καὶ ἡ δόξα κυρίου ὤφθη ἐν νεφέλῃ 11 καὶ ἐλάλησεν κύριος πρὸς Μωυσῆν λέγων 12 εἰσακήκοα τὸν γογγυσμὸν τῶν υἱῶν Ισραηλ λάλησον πρὸς αὐτοὺς λέγων τὸ πρὸς ἑσπέραν ἔδεσθε κρέα καὶ τὸ πρωὶ πλησθήσεσθε ἄρτων καὶ γνώσεσθε ὅτι ἐγὼ κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὑμῶν 6 So Moses and Aaron told all the people of Israel, This night shall bring proof it was the Lord that rescued you from Egypt, 7 and to-morrow you shall witness his glory. He has heard your complaints against himself—not against us, we are nothing. 8 The Lord (said Moses) means to give you meat for your food this evening, and bread tomorrow to your heart’s content. Not unheard, the complaints you have brought against him; we count for nothing, it is the Lord’s dealings you complain of, not ours. 9 And Moses would have Aaron summon the whole people into the Lord’s presence, that had heard them talk so rebelliously.[1] 10 Even as Aaron was speaking to the assembled Israelites, they looked round towards the desert, and saw the glory of the Lord revealed there in a cloud. 11 And the Lord said to Moses, 12 This be thy answer to the rebel talk I hear: This evening you shall have meat, and bread to-morrow to your hearts’ content; will you doubt, then, that I am the Lord your God? 6 Dixeruntque Moyses et Aaron ad omnes filios Israël: Vespere scietis quod Dominus eduxerit vos de terra Ægypti, 7 et mane videbitis gloriam Domini: audivit enim murmur vestrum contra Dominum: nos vero quid sumus, quia mussitastis contra nos? 8 Et ait Moyses: Dabit vobis Dominus vespere carnes edere, et mane panes in saturitate: eo quod audierit murmurationes vestras quibus murmurati estis contra eum: nos enim quid sumus? nec contra nos est murmur vestrum, sed contra Dominum. 9 Dixit quoque Moyses ad Aaron: Dic universæ congregationi filiorum Israël: Accedite coram Domino: audivit enim murmur vestrum. 10 Cumque loqueretur Aaron ad omnem cœtum filiorum Israël, respexerunt ad solitudinem: et ecce gloria Domini apparuit in nube. 11 Locutus est autem Dominus ad Moysen, dicens: 12 Audivi murmurationes filiorum Israël. Loquere ad eos: Vespere comedetis carnes, et mane saturabimini panibus: scietisque quod ego sum Dominus Deus vester.
13 ἐγένετο δὲ ἑσπέρα καὶ ἀνέβη ὀρτυγομήτρα καὶ ἐκάλυψεν τὴν παρεμβολήν τὸ πρωὶ ἐγένετο καταπαυομένης τῆς δρόσου κύκλῳ τῆς παρεμβολῆς 14 καὶ ἰδοὺ ἐπὶ πρόσωπον τῆς ἐρήμου λεπτὸν ὡσεὶ κόριον λευκὸν ὡσεὶ πάγος ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς 15 ἰδόντες δὲ αὐτὸ οἱ υἱοὶ Ισραηλ εἶπαν ἕτερος τῷ ἑτέρῳ τί ἐστιν τοῦτο οὐ γὰρ ᾔδεισαν τί ἦν εἶπεν δὲ Μωυσῆς πρὸς αὐτούς οὗτος ὁ ἄρτος ὃν ἔδωκεν κύριος ὑμῖν φαγεῖν 16 τοῦτο τὸ ῥῆμα ὃ συνέταξεν κύριος συναγάγετε ἀ{P'} αὐτοῦ ἕκαστος εἰς τοὺς καθήκοντας γομορ κατὰ κεφαλὴν κατὰ ἀριθμὸν ψυχῶν ὑμῶν ἕκαστος σὺν τοῖς συσκηνίοις ὑμῶν συλλέξατε 17 ἐποίησαν δὲ οὕτως οἱ υἱοὶ Ισραηλ καὶ συνέλεξαν ὁ τὸ πολὺ καὶ ὁ τὸ ἔλαττον 18 καὶ μετρήσαντες τῷ γομορ οὐκ ἐπλεόνασεν ὁ τὸ πολύ καὶ ὁ τὸ ἔλαττον οὐκ ἠλαττόνησεν ἕκαστος εἰς τοὺς καθήκοντας πα{R'} ἑαυτῷ συνέλεξαν 19 εἶπεν δὲ Μωυσῆς πρὸς αὐτούς μηδεὶς καταλιπέτω ἀ{P'} αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸ πρωί 20 καὶ οὐκ εἰσήκουσαν Μωυσῆ ἀλλὰ κατέλιπόν τινες ἀ{P'} αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸ πρωί καὶ ἐξέζεσεν σκώληκας καὶ ἐπώζεσεν καὶ ἐπικράνθη ἐ{P'} αὐτοῖς Μωυσῆς 21 καὶ συνέλεξαν αὐτὸ πρωὶ πρωί ἕκαστος τὸ καθῆκον αὐτῷ ἡνίκα δὲ διεθέρμαινεν ὁ ἥλιος ἐτήκετο 13 Evening came, and brought with it a flight of quails, that settled in every part of the camp. And at morning, all about the camp, dew was lying; 14 dew that covered the earth’s surface, there in the desert, powdered fine as if it had been brayed by a pestle, lying on the ground like hoar-frost.[2] 15 The Israelites could not tell what it was when they went to look at it; Man-hu, they said to one another, What is it? And Moses told them, This is the bread which the Lord has sent for your eating. 16 And this is the command the Lord gives you; everyone is to gather enough for his needs; a gomor a head is the measure he is to take up, just so much for each person living in his tent. 17 So the children of Israel did as they were bidden, gathering up one more, another less, 18 and each of them measuring it by the measure of a gomor. The man who gathered more did not gather too much for his household, or the man who gathered less too little; each gathered according to the number of mouths that must be filled. 19 None of you, Moses told them, must keep any of it for the morrow. 20 Little heed they gave him, but when some of them left part of it over till morning, it bred worms and corrupted, and Moses rebuked them for their disobedience. 21 So, every morning, each man gathered what would suffice for his needs; whatever was left till the sun grew hot, melted away. 13 Factum est ergo vespere, et ascendens coturnix, cooperuit castra: mane quoque ros jacuit per circuitum castrorum. 14 Cumque operuisset superficiem terræ, apparuit in solitudine minutum, et quasi pilo tusum in similitudinem pruinæ super terram. 15 Quod cum vidissent filii Israël, dixerunt ad invicem: Manhu? quod significat: Quid est hoc? ignorabant enim quid esset. Quibus ait Moyses: Iste est panis quem Dominus dedit vobis ad vescendum. 16 Hic est sermo, quem præcepit Dominus: Colligat unusquisque ex eo quantum sufficit ad vescendum: gomor per singula capita, juxta numerum animarum vestrarum quæ habitant in tabernaculo sic tolletis. 17 Feceruntque ita filii Israël: et collegerunt, alius plus, alius minus. 18 Et mensi sunt ad mensuram gomor: nec qui plus collegerat, habuit amplius: nec qui minus paraverat, reperit minus: sed singuli juxta id quod edere poterant, congregaverunt. 19 Dixitque Moyses ad eos: Nullus relinquat ex eo in mane. 20 Qui non audierunt eum, sed dimiserunt quidam ex eis usque mane, et scatere cœpit vermibus, atque computruit: et iratus est contra eos Moyses. 21 Colligebant autem mane singuli, quantum sufficere poterat ad vescendum: cumque incaluisset sol, liquefiebat.
22 ἐγένετο δὲ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ ἕκτῃ συνέλεξαν τὰ δέοντα διπλᾶ δύο Γομορ τῷ ἑνί εἰσήλθοσαν δὲ πάντες οἱ ἄρχοντες τῆς συναγωγῆς καὶ ἀνήγγειλαν Μωυσεῖ 23 εἶπεν δὲ Μωυσῆς πρὸς αὐτούς τοῦτο τὸ ῥῆμά ἐστιν ὃ ἐλάλησεν κύριος σάββατα ἀνάπαυσις ἁγία τῷ κυρίῳ αὔριον ὅσα ἐὰν πέσσητε πέσσετε καὶ ὅσα ἐὰν ἕψητε ἕψετε καὶ πᾶν τὸ πλεονάζον καταλίπετε αὐτὸ εἰς ἀποθήκην εἰς τὸ πρωί 24 καὶ κατελίποσαν ἀ{P'} αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸ πρωί καθάπερ συνέταξεν αὐτοῖς Μωυσῆς καὶ οὐκ ἐπώζεσεν οὐδὲ σκώληξ ἐγένετο ἐν αὐτῷ 25 εἶπεν δὲ Μωυσῆς φάγετε σήμερον ἔστιν γὰρ σάββατα σήμερον τῷ κυρίῳ οὐχ εὑρεθήσεται ἐν τῷ πεδίῳ 26 ἓξ ἡμέρας συλλέξετε τῇ δὲ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ ἑβδόμῃ σάββατα ὅτι οὐκ ἔσται ἐν αὐτῇ 27 ἐγένετο δὲ ἐν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ ἑβδόμῃ ἐξήλθοσάν τινες ἐκ τοῦ λαοῦ συλλέξαι καὶ οὐχ εὗρον 28 εἶπεν δὲ κύριος πρὸς Μωυσῆν ἕως τίνος οὐ βούλεσθε εἰσακούειν τὰς ἐντολάς μου καὶ τὸν νόμον μου 29 ἴδετε ὁ γὰρ κύριος ἔδωκεν ὑμῖν τὴν ἡμέραν ταύτην τὰ σάββατα διὰ τοῦτο αὐτὸς ἔδωκεν ὑμῖν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ ἕκτῃ ἄρτους δύο ἡμερῶν καθήσεσθε ἕκαστος εἰς τοὺς οἴκους ὑμῶν μηδεὶς ἐκπορευέσθω ἐκ τοῦ τόπου αὐτοῦ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ ἑβδόμῃ 30 καὶ ἐσαββάτισεν ὁ λαὸς τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ ἑβδόμῃ 22 When the sixth day came, they gathered a double allowance of two gomors a head. And when this was reported to Moses by those who were in command of the people, 23 he told them, Why, that is the direction the Lord has given us. To-morrow is the sabbath, a day of rest consecrated to the Lord; prepare all you need to prepare, cook all you need to cook, for to-day, and leave what is over for to-morrow. 24 And when they did as Moses had bidden them, they found that what they had left overnight did not corrupt or breed worms at all. 25 That is your food for to-day, Moses told them, because it is the Lord’s sabbath; go out to-day, and you will find nothing. 26 You have only six days to gather it in; you will find none on the seventh, the Lord’s day of rest forbids it. 27 And sure enough, when some of the people went out to gather it on the seventh day, they could find none. 28 Hereupon the Lord said to Moses, Will you never learn to do as my law commands you? 29 Can you not see that the sabbath is the Lord’s gift to you, and if he gives you a double allowance on the sixth day, it is because you must all stay within doors, not leaving your homes, on the seventh? 30 So on the seventh day the people kept the sabbath rest. 22 In die autem sexta collegerunt cibos duplices, id est, duo gomor per singulos homines: venerunt autem omnes principes multitudinis, et narraverunt Moysi. 23 Qui ait eis: Hoc est quod locutus est Dominus: Requies sabbati sanctificata est Domino cras: quodcumque operandum est, facite, et quæ coquenda sunt coquite: quidquid autem reliquum fuerit, reponite usque in mane. 24 Feceruntque ita ut præceperat Moyses, et non computruit, neque vermis inventus est in eo. 25 Dixitque Moyses: Comedite illud hodie, quia sabbatum est Domini: non invenietur hodie in agro. 26 Sex diebus colligite: in die autem septimo sabbatum est Domini, idcirco non invenietur. 27 Venitque septima dies: et egressi de populo ut colligerent, non invenerunt. 28 Dixit autem Dominus ad Moysen: Usquequo non vultis custodire mandata mea et legem meam? 29 videte quod Dominus dederit vobis sabbatum, et propter hoc die sexta tribuit vobis cibos duplices: maneat unusquisque apud semetipsum; nullus egrediatur de loco suo die septimo. 30 Et sabbatizavit populus die septimo.
31 καὶ ἐπωνόμασαν οἱ υἱοὶ Ισραηλ τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ Μαν ἦν δὲ ὡς σπέρμα κορίου λευκόν τὸ δὲ γεῦμα αὐτοῦ ὡς ἐγκρὶς ἐν μέλιτι 32 εἶπεν δὲ Μωυσῆς τοῦτο τὸ ῥῆμα ὃ συνέταξεν κύριος πλήσατε τὸ γομορ τοῦ μαν εἰς ἀποθήκην εἰς τὰς γενεὰς ὑμῶν ἵνα ἴδωσιν τὸν ἄρτον ὃν ἐφάγετε ὑμεῖς ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ ὡς ἐξήγαγεν ὑμᾶς κύριος ἐκ γῆς Αἰγύπτου 33 καὶ εἶπεν Μωυσῆς πρὸς Ααρων λαβὲ στάμνον χρυσοῦν ἕνα καὶ ἔμβαλε εἰς αὐτὸν πλῆρες τὸ γομορ τοῦ μαν καὶ ἀποθήσεις αὐτὸ ἐναντίον τοῦ θεοῦ εἰς διατήρησιν εἰς τὰς γενεὰς ὑμῶν 34 ὃν τρόπον συνέταξεν κύριος τῷ Μωυσῇ καὶ ἀπέθετο Ααρων ἐναντίον τοῦ μαρτυρίου εἰς διατήρησιν 35 οἱ δὲ υἱοὶ Ισραηλ ἔφαγον τὸ μαν ἔτη τεσσαράκοντα ἕως ἦλθον εἰς γῆν οἰκουμένην τὸ μαν ἐφάγοσαν ἕως παρεγένοντο εἰς μέρος τῆς Φοινίκης 36 τὸ δὲ γομορ τὸ δέκατον τῶν τριῶν μέτρων ἦν 31 This food, which the Israelites called Mán, was white in colour and looked like coriander seed; its taste was like that of flour mixed with honey. 32 And now Moses told them a fresh command he had had from the Lord; he was to fill a gomor with it, and this was to be kept, so that later generations might know what kind of nourishment it was I gave them in the desert, when they had been rescued from the land of Egypt. 33 Take a jar, Moses said to Aaron, put into it as much of the manna as a gomor measure will contain, and leave it to lie in the presence of the Lord, as a treasure for after ages to keep. 34 Such was the Lord’s command to Moses; so Aaron left the jar to lie in the tabernacle, where it was to be kept.[3] 35 The Israelites fed on this manna for forty years, while they were far from the haunts of men; this was their nourishment until they reached the frontiers of Chanaan. 36 (Note that the gomor measures a tenth of a bushel.) 31 Appellavitque domus Israël nomen ejus Man: quod erat quasi semen coriandri album, gustusque ejus quasi similæ cum melle. 32 Dixit autem Moyses: Iste est sermo, quem præcepit Dominus: Imple gomor ex eo, et custodiatur in futuras retro generationes: ut noverint panem, quo alui vos in solitudine, quando educti estis de terra Ægypti. 33 Dixitque Moyses ad Aaron: Sume vas unum, et mitte ibi man, quantum potest capere gomor, et repone coram Domino ad servandum in generationes vestras, 34 sicut præcepit Dominus Moysi. Posuitque illud Aaron in tabernaculo reservandum. 35 Filii autem Israël comederunt man quadraginta annis, donec venirent in terram habitabilem: hoc cibo aliti sunt, usquequo tangerent fines terræ Chanaan. 36 Gomor autem decima pars est ephi.
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